Basic principles and substantiation of medical and psychological correction of adaptation disorders in students

M. M. Khaustov

Abstract


The purpose of this work is to identify and develop a system of measures for psychotherapeutic correction on the basis of identification and comprehensive evaluation of clinical and psychological manifestations and mechanisms of formation of maladaptive states in medical students.In order to achieve this aim, in compliance with the principles of bioethics and deontology, 412 students of the 2-5 academic years of the Kharkiv National Medical University, of both sexes, at the age of 17-22 years, were examined.
All the surveyed people were divided into three groups: Group 1 included 215 students-inhabitants of the Eastern Ukraine; Group 2 consisted of 87 students-residents of Luhansk and Donetsk regions, who entered the study at the KhNMU before the ATO; Group 3 consisted of 110 students-migrants from the ATO zone.
As the results of the study indicated, students- migrants have a higher level of adaptation disorders, compared with the students of the first and second groups. It was established that the structure of adaptation disorders is represented by depressive, neurasthenic, anxious and dissociative syndrome complexes.
Prognostically significant elements in the formation of adaptation disorders are excitability and imbalance, proneness to conflicts in relationships, disturbing confidence, disorganization of behavior, failure to self-regulation, inability to successfully overcome stressful situations, act in conditions of uncertainty, rigidity, and focusing on traumatic and negative feelings.
In order to correct the disorders of adaptation in medical students, we developed a system of medical and psychological support, which included individualized use of psychotherapeutic and psycho-educational influences. As a feedback of the psychotherapeutic correction, a positive dynamic of the psychological state was noted: rapid reduction of anxiety and depressive symptoms, reduction of the level of neuro-psychic tension, increase of students' psychophysical activity, positive change of coping strategy.

Keywords


medical students; adaptation disorders; anxiety; depression; personality traits; psychoeducation; psychotherapy

Full Text:

PDF

References


Kozhyna H, Mykhaylov V., Vyun V. The phenomenon of psychological adaptation to the professional activities of doctors // European psychiatry. The Journal of the European psychiatric association. April, 2017. Vol. 41. P.690-691

Markov AR Clinical variability of maladaptive conditions in civilian populations in conditions of information and psychological warfare // Psychiatry, neurology and medical psychology. 2016. Vol. 3, No. 2 (6). Pp. 98 - 105. (in Ukrainian)

IV Leshchina Screening diagnostics of non-psychotic psychiatric disorders in medical students [Text] / IV. Hazel // Bulletin of problems of biology and medicine. - 2011. - Т 1. № 2, - P. 131-135. (in Ukrainian)

Vyun V. Modern system of medical-psychological support of the internship doctors at the stage of postgraduate education // Intercollegas. 2017. №3 (4). P. 139-141.

KV Aimedov Professional Mobility of Future Professionals in Higher Education: A Competent Approach [Text] / K.V. Aimedov, S.M. Strelbytska // Scientific and methodological journal "Scientific works", series of pedagogy. - 2014. - T. 251, No. 239. - P. 49-52. (in Ukrainian)

Pshuk NG The Role of Psychosocial Factors in the Genesis of Social Disadaptation in Student Youth [Text] / N.G. Pshuk, D.P. Slobodyanyuk // Ukrainian Bulletin of Psychoneurology. –2015. - T. 23, No. 2 (83). - P. 86-91. (in Ukrainian)

Kіosєva O.V. Psychopathological characteristics of the emotional sphere in junior students [Text] / O.V. Kіosєva // Ukrainian Newsletter of Neuropsychiatrist. - 2016. - T. 24 ,. - No. 1 (86). - S. 60-63. (in Rassian)

Chaban OS Ways of Improving the Effectiveness of Students' Education in the Specialty "Medical Psychology" [Text] / О.S. Chaban, OO Haustova, LE Trachuk // Medical psychology. - 2016. - № 1. - P. 3-8. (in Ukrainian)

Kozhina G.M. To the problem of adaptation syndrome of junior students of universities of III-IV accreditation levels [Text] / G.M. Kozhina, M.V. Markova, E.G. Grinevich, K.O. Zelenska // Archive of Psychology. - 2011. - T. 17, No. 4 (67). - S. 32-35. (in Russian)

Kovalenko MV Structural analysis of perfectionism in students of higher educational establishments [Text] / М.В. Kovalenko // Ukrainian Journal of Psychoneurology. - 2014. –T. 22. - No. 3 (80). - P. 65-68. (in Ukrainian)

Kozhina GM, Vyun VV, Zelenskaya KO Health Newsletter # 200-2017. "A Method for Treating Adaptation Disorders" // Health Newsletter, No. 200-2017. Kiev. 4 sec. (in Ukrainian)




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3538219

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 © The Author (s) 2018

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Journal of Education, Health and Sport formerly Journal of Health Sciences

Declaration on the original version.

Editors indicates that the main version of the magazine is to issue a "electronic".

The journal has had 5 points in Ministry of Science and Higher Education parametric evaluation. § 8. 2) and § 12. 1. 2) 22.02.2019.

1223 Journal of Education, Health and Sport eISSN 2391-8306 7

ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

Archives 2011 - 2014

PBN 2011 - 2014

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/sedno-webapp/search?search&searchCategory=WORK&filter.inJournal=36616

POL-index 2011 - 2014

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/polindex-webapp/browse/journal/journal-32a319c5-a850-4f44-ba70-1418a6087655

BASE 2011 - 2014

https://www.base-search.net/Search/Results?lookfor=Journal+of+Health+Sciences+%28Radom%29&type=all&oaboost=1&ling=1&name=&thes=&refid=dcrespl&newsearch=1

http://elibrary.ru/contents.asp?titleid=37467

http://journal.rsw.edu.pl/index.php/JHS/issue/archive

Indexed in Bases, Bazy indeksacyjne: ERIH Plus, Worldcat, PBN/POL-Index, ICI Journals Master List, Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), ZBD, Ulrich's periodicals, Google Scholar, Polska Bibliografia Lekarska

US NLM = 101679844

101679844 - NLM Catalog Result - NCBI

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nlmcatalog/101679844

Find a library that holds this journal: http://worldcat.org/issn/23918306

Journal Language(s): English 

PBN Poland

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/sedno-webapp/journals/49068

POL-index

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/polindex-webapp/browse/journal/journal-c39c8169-88d2-45db-9e7f-d948ce9981c4

BASE

https://www.base-search.net/Search/Results?join=AND&bool0[]=AND&lookfor0[]=2391-8306&type0[]=all&page=11&l=pl&oaboost=1&refid=dcpagepl

Redaction, Publisher and Editorial Office

Instytut Kultury Fizycznej Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy, Institute of Physical Education Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, Poland 85-091 Bydgoszcz ul. Sportowa 2  www.ukw.edu.pl Copyright by Instytut Kultury Fizycznej UKW w Bydgoszczy http://ojs.ukw.edu.pl/index.php/johs  Open Access ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

The journal has been approved for inclusion in ERIH PLUS.

The ERIH PLUS listing of the journal is available at https://dbh.nsd.uib.no/publiseringskanaler/erihplus/periodical/info?id=485984

SIC Science citation index (calculated on the basis of TCI and Page Rank) 0

Russian Impact factor 0.16

Indexed in Index Copernicus Journals Master List.

http://journals.indexcopernicus.com/Journal+of+Education+Health+and+Sport,p24782242,3.html

ICV 2018 = 95.95 ICV 2017 = 91.30 ICV 2016 = 84.69 ICV 2015 = 93.34 ICV 2014 = 89.51 Standardized Value: 8.27 ICV 2013: 7.32 ICV 2012: 6.41 ICV 20115.48

The InfoBase Index IBI Factor for the year 2015 is 3.56 in InfoBase Index.com.

Website: www.infobaseindex.com

Universal Impact Factor 1.78 for year 2012. (http://www.uifactor.org/AppliedJournals.aspx)

Indexed in Polish Scholarly Bibliography (PBN) (PBN Polska Bibliografia Naukowa) (https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/journals/36616)

is a portal of the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, collecting information on publications of Polish scientists and on Polish and foreign scholarly journals. Polish Scholarly Bibliograhpy is a part of POL-on - System of Information on Higher Education. It is operated by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw.

Indexed in Russian Sciences Index Российский индекс научного цитирования (РИНЦ) http://elibrary.ru/contents.asp?titleid=37467

Indexed in Arianta Polish scientific and professional electronic journals Aneta Drabek i Arkadiusz Pulikowski

(http://www1.bg.us.edu.pl/bazy/czasopisma/czasop_full.asp?id=3595)