Epidemiological features of brucellosis in the Republic of Azerbaijan at the present stage

Elchin Huseynov Mammad oglu

Abstract


Modern brucellosis is characterized by high variability of clinical symptoms. The evolution of brucellosis in modern conditions is heading in the direction of acute brucellosis increasing in its frequency with the early development of focal metastatic and infectious-allergic lesions, which increase the severity of the disease. The purpose of our study was to analyze the epidemiological features of acute brucellosis in the Republic of Azerbaijan. Of the 178 patients surveyed, only 120 persons fully met the criteria, which formed the main group. Statistical analysis of the results of the study was performed using the programs "SPSS 20.0", "STATISTICA 6.0". Acute brucellosis was found to be 7.5 times more frequent in women aged 40 to 49 years (p <0.05), whereas no cases of brucellosis were recorded in the group of women that are under 19 years of age. The highest infection rate was recorded among farm workers and veterinarians, namely 64.17±4.38%. When the sources of infection were identified, it was found that in the vast majority of 57.5±4.51% of persons, the source of infection could not be established or was mixed.

Keywords


acute brucellosis; epidemiology; source of infection

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3520958

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