Tobacco smoking as risk factor of laryngeal cancer

Michał Konopelko, Olga Padała, Adrianna Krupa, Maciej Putowski, Ewa Piasek

Abstract


Introduction: Laryngeal cancer is one of the most common type of head and neck cancers.
It develops due to spontaneous mutation or influence of external factors (physical, biological and chemical). Cigarette smoking is primary chemical risk factor of laryngeal cancers.
Purpose: The aim of the review was to present a role of tobacco smoking in the causation
of laryngeal cancer.
State of knowledge: Many of studies performed past years confirmed the correlation between tobacco addiction and head and neck cancers. 75% of all head and neck cancers are caused
by cigarette smoking, which contains thousands of chemicals. More than 60 of them are known
as carcinogens.
Summary: Laryngeal cancer is the most common head and neck cancer. The prevalence
of laryngeal cancer is increased by several carcinogens including tobacco smoking, which
is known as the major risk factor of this type of cancers.

Keywords


tobacco; laryngeal cancer; larynx; squamous cell carcinoma

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3460534

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