Determination of the influence of motor habit in the form of wearing a bag on the formation and persistence of pain complaints of the injured glenohumeral joint

Grzegorz Zieliński, Michał Baszczowski, Aleksandra Byś, Zuzanna Filipiak, Michał Ginszt, Marta Suwała, Piotr Majcher


Pain within the glenohumeral joint is characterized as a limitation and pain when performing shoulder joint movements. Considering that this ailment is found in about 20-33% of the population, it seems to be important to investigate the factors that cause these symptoms. One of the reasons for the formation of pain syndrome may be an incorrect posture and overloading within the glenohumeral joint resulting from the habit of carrying the bag on one arm.
The aim of this study was to determine whether the motor habit in the form of wearing a bag is associated with the formation and maintenance of pain within the weighted shoulder joint.
Applying the exclusion criteria, 126 women were qualified for the study (mean age 26 years ± 6 years). In order to determine the intensity of pain, the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) was used. The surveyed women were asked to determine the time of occurrence of the length of pain and to provide anthropometric data such as weight and height. The following were used for statistical analysis: the Shapiro-Wilk test and the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test (with the Lillierfors amendment). Differences were considered statistically significant if the test probability level was lower than the assumed level of significance (p <0.05).
Despite the more frequent reporting of pain in the arm of the constantly inclined, the differences between the results did not reach the assumed significance threshold (p = 0.060), while the time of reported complaints in both cases was equal.
Motor habit in the form of carrying a bag is not associated with the formation and persistence of pain complaints of the loaded shoulder joint. Due to the low number of adult studies, research should be continued to understand the dependencies in this area.


shoulder pain; musculoskeletal pain; carrying shoulder bag

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