The WHO healthcare standards in the context of demographic processes

Małgorzata Pabiś, Dorota Kuncewicz

Abstract


Aim
The aim of the study was to analyze demographic changes in such a way as to provide data that might be useful for shaping the healthcare system in accordance with the WHO standards. The analysis was based on the example of the population over the age of 65.

Materials and Methods
Focusing on the population over 65, we analysed statistics and demographic data using descriptive statistics methods. In addition, we referred to the demographic forecasts concerning the world population for 2020–2050.

Results and Conclusions
We juxtaposed the WHO standards with the size of the target group and the data which takes into account the difference in the age structure of the population in different regions of the world. Our conclusions cast doubt on the legitimacy of setting standards for the total population, both in terms of the current health care and future planning. Changes in the general population, and for example in the population over 65 are actually not proportional. Therefore, it seems more logical and reasonable to analyze data about geriatrics by examining the population over 65 only. The geriatric care base should be created using only and exclusively the data which concerns the group of patients to whom it is directed, namely elderly people.

Keywords


elderly people; demography; WHO standards

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References


Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat) (2017) https://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/dyb/dyb2.htm Access on 19 September 2017.

Population Pyramids of the World from 1950 to 2100 https://www.populationpyramid.net/world/2015/ Access 19.09.2017.

Derejczyk J, Grodzicki T, Jakrzewska–Sowińska A, Jóźwiak A, Klich A, Wieczorowska–Tobis K. Standards of geriatric care consensus. Gerontol Pol 2005; 13, 2; 67–83 (in Polish).

World Health organization http://www.who.int/en/ Access 19/09/2017.

United Nations Population Division of Economic and Social Affairs, Probabilistic Population Projections based on the World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision https://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/Download/Standard/Population/ Access 19.09.2017.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2529162

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