Body composition and SEMG amplitude of the spine rectifier in children with scoliotic lesions

Jacek Wilczyński, Przemysław Karolak, Sylwia Janecka


The aim of the study was to analyze the relationship between body composition and the amplitude of SEMG rectifier spine in children with scoliotic changes. The spine was investigated using optoelectronic Diers formetric III 4D. Body composition was determined using a Tanita Body Composition Analyzer MC 780M. Analysis of the amplitude SEMG rectifier spine was performed using a 12-channel camera Noraxon TeleMyo DTS. The biggest differences in the absolute values of the studied variables related to body composition BMR (kJ). The most important and statistically significant predictors mock for the variable composition of the body spine and amplitude rectifier tested in different positions in the group of scoliosis proved standing position lumbar left (p = 0.01), standing position lumbar right (p = 0.01) and lying front right side of the thoracic (p = 0, 02). The variance explained by the independent variables in the model adopted is 35% of the total variation (R^2 = 0.35), indicating a small adjustment for the data, but the expected level of statistical significance (p = 0.01) has been fulfilled, and to give the corresponding the value of a statistical test F = 3.49. The group scoliotic bases most important and statistically significant predictor model was the torso up right thoracic (p = 0.0001), lower limbs up the right side of the lumbar (p = 0.044), trunk up the right side of the lumbar (p = 0.016) and the top of the torso thoracic left (p = 0.006). The model was explained only in 39% (R^2 = 0.39), which is low, but the target level of statistical significance (p = 0.001) was also satisfied. and give the corresponding value of the statistical test F = 4.89. In children with scoliotic changes SEMG amplitude measurement helps identify the muscles need strengthening or relaxation, as well as the selection of appropriate corrective exercises.


children’s body composition; scoliosis; scoliotic posture; SEMG amplitude of the spine rectifier

Full Text:



Schmid AB, Dyer L, Böni T, Held U, Brunner F. Paraspinal Muscle Activity During Symmetrical and Asymmetrical Weight Training in Idiopathic Scoliosis. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation 2010; 19: 315-327.

Wilczyński J, Karolak P, Janecka S. Anthropometric variables and body composition and SEMG frequency of the spine rectifier in children with scoliosis and scoliotic posture. Journal of Education, Health and Sport 2018; 8 (12): 558-574. eISNN 2391-8306. DOI

Cifrek M, Medved V , Tonković S, Ostojić S. Surface EMG based muscle fatigue evaluation in biomechanics. Clinical Biomechanics 2009; 4: 327-340.

Lenke LG, Edwards CC, Bridwell KH. The Lenke classification of adolescent idio­pathic scoliosis: how it organizes curve patterns as a template to perform selective fusion of the spine. Spine, 2003; 28: 199-203.

King HA, Moe JHY, Bradford DS, et al. The selection of fusion levels in thoracic idiopathic scoliosis. J Bone Joint Surg Am 1983; 65-A: 1302-1313.

Dayer R, Haumont T, Belaieff W, et al. Idiopathic scoliosis: etiological concepts and hypotheses. J Child Orthop. 2013; 7 (1): 11-6.

Girardo M, Bettini N, Dema E, et al. The role of melatonin in the pathogenesis of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Eur Spine J. 2011; 20 (1): S68-74.

Porte M, Patte K, Dupeyron A, et al. Exercise therapy in the treatment of idiopathic adolescent scoliosis: Is it useful? Arch Pediatr. 2016; 23 (6): 624-8.

Abelin-Genevois K, Sassi D, Verdun S, Roussouly P. Sagittal classification in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: original description and therapeutic implications. Eur Spine J. 2018; 10. doi: 10.1007/s00586-018-5613-1.

Farina D, Fosci M , Merletti R. Motor unit recruitment strategies investigated by surface EMG variables. Journal of Applied Physiology 2002; 1: 235-247.

Sanchez M, Valdivieso A,Villanueva MÁM, Salazar AFZ. Potential clinical application of surface electromyography as indicator of neuromuscular recovery during weaning tests after organophosphate poisoning. Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva 2017; 29: 253–258.

Shiner CT, Pierce KD,Thompson-Butel AG, Trinh T, Schofield PR, McNulty PA. BDNF genotype interacts with motor function to influence rehabilitation responsiveness poststroke. Frontiers in Neurology 2016; 7: 69.

Borysiuk Z, Rogowska A. The relationship between the components of sensorimotor responses measured by EMG and personality current research in motor control II. Publishing House of University of Physical Education, Katowice 2004; 1: 89-94.

Konrad P, ABC EMG Practical introduction to kinesiology electromyography. Technomex, Gliwice 2007; 1: 5-12.

Michoński J, Walesiak K, Pakuła A, Glinkowski W, Sitnik R. Monitoring of spine curvatures and posture during pregnancy using surface topography - case study and suggestion of method. Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders 2016; 11: 31.

Van Damme B, Stevens V, Van Tiggelen D, Perneel C, Crombez G, Danneels L. Performance based on sEMG activity is related to psychosocial components: differences between back and abdominal endurance tests. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology 2014; 24: 636–644.

Xiao J, Gao J, Wang H,LIU K, Yang X. The Surface EMG Characteristics between Erector Spinae and Vastus Lateralis during Bending Forward and Squatting Down Tasks. Physiology Journal 2015; 5: 1-6.

Kim JW, Kwon OY, Kim TH, An DH, Oh JS . Effects of external pelvic compression on trunk and hip muscle EMG activity during prone hip extension in females with chronic low back pain. Manual Therapy 2014; 19: 467–471.

Wilczyński J, Karolak P, Karolak J, Wilczyński I, Pedrycz A. Electromyographic analysis of erector spinae muscle for a child with cerebral palsy. Polish Hyperbaric Research 2016; 3: 43-52.

Gentempo P. Evaluating soft tissue injuries with electromyography: case studies. Today's Chiropractic 1988; 2: 83.

Neblett R, Brede E, Mayer TG, Gatchel RJ. What is the best surface EMG measure of lumbar flexion-relaxation for distinguishing chronic low back pain patients from pain-free controls? Clinical Journal of Pain 2013; 29: 334–340.

Spencer GS, Eccles MJ. Spinal muscle in scoliosis. Part 2. The proportion and size of type 1 and type 2 skeletal muscle fibers measured using a computer-controlled microscope. Journal of the Neurological Sciences 1976; 30: 143-154.

Du HG, Ye SL , Xu JY, Jiang Z, Song HQ, Yu JW. Application of surface electromyography in the treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis with traditional spinal balanced therapy. Zhongguo Gu Shang 2013; 11: 914-917.

Dutton M. Ortopedia Duttona. PZWL, Warszawa 2014; 1: 211-214.

Hopf C, Scheidecker M, Steffan K, Bodem F, Eysel P . Gait analysis in idiopathic scoliosis before and after surgery: a comparison of the pre- and postoperative muscle activation pattern. European Spine Journal 1998; 7: 6-11.

Travis LA, Arthmire SJ , Baig AM, Goldberg A, Malek MH. Intersession reliability of the electromyographic signal during incremental cycle ergometry: quadriceps femoris. Muscle Nerve 2011; 44: 937-946.

Gaudreault N, Arsenault AB , Larivière C, DeSerres SJ, Rivard CH. Assessment of the paraspinal muscles of subjects presenting an idiopathic scoliosis: an EMG pilot study.BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005; 10: 6-14.

Gaudreault N. Assessment of the paraspinal: an EMG pilot study. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004; 5: 18.

Bazrgari B, Xia T. Application of advanced biomechanical methods in studying low back pain - recent development in estimation of lower back loads and large-array surface electromyography and findings. Journal of Pain Research2017; 10: 1677-1685.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 © The Author(s)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Journal of Education, Health and Sport formerly Journal of Health Sciences

Declaration on the original version.

Editors indicates that the main version of the magazine is to issue a "electronic".

The journal has had 5 points in Ministry of Science and Higher Education parametric evaluation. § 8. 2) and § 12. 1. 2) 22.02.2019.

1223 Journal of Education, Health and Sport eISSN 2391-8306 7

ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

Archives 2011 - 2014

PBN 2011 - 2014

POL-index 2011 - 2014

BASE 2011 - 2014

Indexed in Bases, Bazy indeksacyjne: ERIH Plus, Worldcat, PBN/POL-Index, ICI Journals Master List, Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), ZBD, Ulrich's periodicals, Google Scholar, Polska Bibliografia Lekarska

US NLM = 101679844

101679844 - NLM Catalog Result - NCBI

Find a library that holds this journal:

Journal Language(s): English 

PBN Poland



Redaction, Publisher and Editorial Office

Instytut Kultury Fizycznej Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy, Institute of Physical Education Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, Poland 85-091 Bydgoszcz ul. Sportowa 2 Copyright by Instytut Kultury Fizycznej UKW w Bydgoszczy  Open Access ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

The journal has been approved for inclusion in ERIH PLUS.

The ERIH PLUS listing of the journal is available at

SIC Science citation index (calculated on the basis of TCI and Page Rank) 0

Russian Impact factor 0.16

Indexed in Index Copernicus Journals Master List.,p24782242,3.html

ICV 2018 = 95.95 ICV 2017 = 91.30 ICV 2016 = 84.69 ICV 2015 = 93.34 ICV 2014 = 89.51 Standardized Value: 8.27 ICV 2013: 7.32 ICV 2012: 6.41 ICV 20115.48

The InfoBase Index IBI Factor for the year 2015 is 3.56 in InfoBase


Universal Impact Factor 1.78 for year 2012. (

Indexed in Polish Scholarly Bibliography (PBN) (PBN Polska Bibliografia Naukowa) (

is a portal of the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, collecting information on publications of Polish scientists and on Polish and foreign scholarly journals. Polish Scholarly Bibliograhpy is a part of POL-on - System of Information on Higher Education. It is operated by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw.

Indexed in Russian Sciences Index Российский индекс научного цитирования (РИНЦ)

Indexed in Arianta Polish scientific and professional electronic journals Aneta Drabek i Arkadiusz Pulikowski