Health threats resulting from soil and groundwater contamination in e-dumps on the Agbogbloshie example

Ewa Zieliński, Adriana Wielgus, Katarzyna Sas, Walery Zukow

Abstract


Rapid economic growth, an increasing urbanization and globalization caused increasing of consumption and production of e-waste. The biggest e-waste yards are located in developing countries, most of them nearby of big cities with a large population. Most of them are located nearby markets and water sources. Burning of e-waste at e-waste sites initially results in extreme localised contamination followed by migration of the heavy metals into waters and subsequent links of food chains by contaminated water, vegetables, fish, milk and meat consumption. E-waste workers suffer negative health effects through toxic smoke inhalation and skin contact, while the wider community are exposed to the heavy metals contaminants through smoke, dust, drinking water and food.

Keywords


e-waste; Agbogbloshie; soil and groundwater pollution; Ghana

Full Text:

PDF

References


Babu, Balakrishnan Ramesh, Anand Kuber Parande, and Chiya Ahmed Basha. "Electrical and electronic waste: a global environmental problem." Waste Management & Research 25.4 (2007): 307-318.

Oteng-Ababio, Martin. "Electronic waste management in Ghana-issues and practices." Sustainable Development-Authoritative and Leading Edge Content for Environmental Management. InTech, 2012.

Puckett, Jim, ed. The digital dump: Exporting re-use and abuse to Africa. Basel Action Network, 2005.

Tripathi, R. M., et al. "Daily intake of heavy metals by infants through milk and milk products." Science of the total environment 227.2-3 (1999): 229-235.

Mends, Eunice Matilda. Levels of Heavy Metals in Cattle and Human Milk Collected at Agbogbloshie, an E-Waste Dumpsite. Diss. University of Ghana, 2016.

Khan, S., et al. "Health risks of heavy metals in contaminated soils and food crops irrigated with wastewater in Beijing, China." Environmental pollution 152.3 (2008): 686-692.

Oteng-Ababio, Martin. "Electronic waste management in Ghana-issues and practices." Sustainable Development-Authoritative and Leading Edge Content for Environmental Management. InTech, 2012.

Fujimori, Takashi, and Hidetaka Takigami. "Pollution distribution of heavy metals in surface soil at an informal electronic-waste recycling site." Environmental geochemistry and health 36.1 (2014): 159-168.

Caravanos, Jack, et al. "Assessing worker and environmental chemical exposure risks at an e-waste recycling and disposal site in Accra, Ghana." Journal of health and pollution 1.1 (2011): 16-25.

Chama, M. A., E. F. Amankwa, and M. Oteng-Ababio. "Trace metal levels of the Odaw river sediments at the Agbogbloshie e-waste recycling site." Journal of Science and Technology (Ghana) 34.1 (2014): 1-8.

Huo X , Peng L , Xu X , Zheng L , Qiu B , Qi Z , Zhang B , Han D , Piao Z. Elevated blood lead levels of children in Guiyu, an electronic waste recycling town in China. Environ Health Perspect [Internet]. 2007 Jul [cited 2013 Jan 7];115(7):1113–7.

Sharma, Rajesh Kumar, Madhoolika Agrawal, and Fiona M. Marshall. "Heavy metals in vegetables collected from production and market sites of a tropical urban area of India." Food and chemical toxicology 47.3 (2009): 583-591.

Robinson, Brett H. "E-waste: an assessment of global production and environmental impacts." Science of the total environment 408.2 (2009): 183-191.

Доломатов СИ, Гоженко АИ, Москаленко ТЯ, Реутов ВП, Доломатова ЕА. Влияние аскорбиновой кислоты на почечный транспорт эндогенных нитратов и нитритов у человека. Экспериментальная и клиническая фармакология. 2005; 68 (1): 50-52. = Dolomatov SI, Gozhenko AI, Moskalenko TJa, Reutov VP, Dolomatova EA. Vlijanie askorbinovoj kisloty na pochechnyj transport jendogennyh nitratov i nitritov u cheloveka. Jeksperimental'naja i klinicheskaja farmakologija. 2005; 68 (1): 50-52. = Dolomatov SI, Gozhenko AI, Moskalenko TY, Reutov VP, Dolomatova EA. [Effect of ascorbic acid on renal transport of endogenous nitrates and nitrites in humans]. Jeksperimental'naja i klinicheskaja farmakologija. 2005; 68 (1): 50-52.

Запорожан, В.М., Гоженко, А.І. Від біоетики до нооетики. Вісник НАН України. 2004; 12: 22-29. = Zaporozhan, V.M., Gozhenko, A.І. Vіd bіoetiki do nooetiki. Vіsnik NAN Ukraїni. 2004; 12: 22-29. = Zaporozhan, V.M., Gozhenko, A.І. [From bioethics to noo-ethics]. Vіsnik NAN Ukraїni. 2004; 12: 22-29. [in Ukrainian].

Билецкий, С.В., Гоженко, А.И. Гипоксически-гиперкапнические тренировки в кардиологии. Черновцы. 2007. = Bileckij, S.V., Gozhenko, A.I. Gipoksicheski-giperkapnicheskie trenirovki v kardiologii. Chernovcy. 2007. = Bileckij, S.V., Gozhenko, A.I. [Hypoxic-hypercapnic exercises in cardiology]. Chernovcy. 2007. [in Russian].

Гоженко АИ, Доренский ВС, Рудина ЕИ, Распутняк Г, Котюжинская Г, Котюжинский АЛ, Славина НГ. Причины и механизмы интоксикации нитратами и нитритами. Медицина труда и промышленная экология. 1996; 4: 15-20. = Gozhenko AI, Dorenskij VS, Rudina EI, Rasputnjak G, Kotjuzhinskaja G, Kotjuzhinskij AL, Slavina NG. Prichiny i mehanizmy intoksikacii nitratami i nitritami. Medicina truda i promyshlennaja jekologija. 1996; 4: 15-20. = Gozhenko AI, Dorenskiy VS, Rudina YeI, Rasputnyak G, Kotyuzhinskaya G, Kotyuzhinsky AL, Slavina NG. [Causes and mechanisms of intoxication with nitrates and nitrites]. Medicina truda i promyshlennaja jekologija. 1996; 4: 15-20. [in Russian].

Попович ІЛ. Факторний і канонікальний аналізи параметрів нейро-ендокринно-імунного комплексу, метаболізму та ерозивно-виразкових пошкоджень слизової шлунку у щурів за умов гострого водно-імерсійного стресу. Медична гідрологія та реабілітація. 2007. = Popovych IL. Faktornyj i kanonikal"nyj analizy parametriv nejro-endokrynno-imunnoho kompleksu, metabolizmu ta erozyvno-vyrazkovyx poshkodzhen" slyzovoyi shlunku u shhuriv za umov hostroho vodno-imersijnoho stresu. Medychna hidrolohiya ta reabilitaciya. 2007. = Popovych IL. [Factor and canonical analysis parameters of neuro-endocrine-immune complex, metabolism and erosive and ulcerative injuries of stomach mucosa in rats under acute water-immersion stress]. Popovych IL. Medychna hidrolohiya ta reabilitaciya. 2007. [in Ukrainian].

Чебаненко ОІ, Чебаненко ЛО, Попович ІЛ. Поліваріантність бальнеоефектів чинників курорту Трускавець та їх прогнозування. К. ЮНЕСКО-СОЦІО. 2012. = Chebanenko OI, Chebanenko LO, Popovych IL. Polivariantnist" bal"neoefektiv chynnykiv kurortu Truskavec" ta yix prohnozuvannya. K. YuNESKO-SOCIO. 2012. = Chebanenko OI, Chebanenko LO, Popovych IL. [Multivariate Balneoeffects of Factors of Spa Truskavets’ and Forecasting]. Kyiv. UNESCO-SOCIO. 2012. [in Ukrainian].

Kostyuk PG, Popovych IL, Іvassivka SV, Chebanenko LO, Kyenko VM (editors). Chornobyl’, Adaptive and Defensive systems, Rehabilitation. Rehabilitation. Kyiv. Computerpress. 2006. 348 p. = Kostyuk PG, Popovych IL, Іvassivka SV, Chebanenko LO, Kyenko VM (editors). Chornobyl’, Adaptive and Defensive systems, Rehabilitation. Rehabilitation. Kyiv. Computerpress. 2006. 348 p. =

Гоженко АІ. Роль оксиду азоту в молекулярно клітинних механізмах функції нирок. Український біохімічний журнал. 2002; 74 (4а): 96. = Hozhenko AI. Rol" oksydu azotu v molekulyarno klitynnyx mexanizmax funkciyi nyrok. Ukrayins"kyj bioximichnyj zhurnal. 2002; 74 (4a): 96. = Gozhenko AI. [Role of nitric oxide in molecular cellular mechanisms of renal function]. Ukrayins"kyj bioximichnyj zhurnal. 2002; 74 (4а): 96. [in Ukrainian].




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2525538

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 © The Author(s)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Journal of Education, Health and Sport formerly Journal of Health Sciences

Declaration on the original version.

Editors indicates that the main version of the magazine is to issue a "electronic".

The journal has had 5 points in Ministry of Science and Higher Education parametric evaluation. § 8. 2) and § 12. 1. 2) 22.02.2019.

1223 Journal of Education, Health and Sport eISSN 2391-8306 7

ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

Archives 2011 - 2014

PBN 2011 - 2014

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/sedno-webapp/search?search&searchCategory=WORK&filter.inJournal=36616

POL-index 2011 - 2014

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/polindex-webapp/browse/journal/journal-32a319c5-a850-4f44-ba70-1418a6087655

BASE 2011 - 2014

https://www.base-search.net/Search/Results?lookfor=Journal+of+Health+Sciences+%28Radom%29&type=all&oaboost=1&ling=1&name=&thes=&refid=dcrespl&newsearch=1

http://elibrary.ru/contents.asp?titleid=37467

http://journal.rsw.edu.pl/index.php/JHS/issue/archive

Indexed in Bases, Bazy indeksacyjne: ERIH Plus, Worldcat, PBN/POL-Index, ICI Journals Master List, Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), ZBD, Ulrich's periodicals, Google Scholar, Polska Bibliografia Lekarska

US NLM = 101679844

101679844 - NLM Catalog Result - NCBI

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nlmcatalog/101679844

Find a library that holds this journal: http://worldcat.org/issn/23918306

Journal Language(s): English 

PBN Poland

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/sedno-webapp/journals/49068

POL-index

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/polindex-webapp/browse/journal/journal-c39c8169-88d2-45db-9e7f-d948ce9981c4

BASE

https://www.base-search.net/Search/Results?join=AND&bool0[]=AND&lookfor0[]=2391-8306&type0[]=all&page=11&l=pl&oaboost=1&refid=dcpagepl

Redaction, Publisher and Editorial Office

Instytut Kultury Fizycznej Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy, Institute of Physical Education Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, Poland 85-091 Bydgoszcz ul. Sportowa 2  www.ukw.edu.pl Copyright by Instytut Kultury Fizycznej UKW w Bydgoszczy http://ojs.ukw.edu.pl/index.php/johs  Open Access ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

The journal has been approved for inclusion in ERIH PLUS.

The ERIH PLUS listing of the journal is available at https://dbh.nsd.uib.no/publiseringskanaler/erihplus/periodical/info?id=485984

SIC Science citation index (calculated on the basis of TCI and Page Rank) 0

Russian Impact factor 0.16

Indexed in Index Copernicus Journals Master List.

http://journals.indexcopernicus.com/Journal+of+Education+Health+and+Sport,p24782242,3.html

ICV 2018 = 95.95 ICV 2017 = 91.30 ICV 2016 = 84.69 ICV 2015 = 93.34 ICV 2014 = 89.51 Standardized Value: 8.27 ICV 2013: 7.32 ICV 2012: 6.41 ICV 20115.48

The InfoBase Index IBI Factor for the year 2015 is 3.56 in InfoBase Index.com.

Website: www.infobaseindex.com

Universal Impact Factor 1.78 for year 2012. (http://www.uifactor.org/AppliedJournals.aspx)

Indexed in Polish Scholarly Bibliography (PBN) (PBN Polska Bibliografia Naukowa) (https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/journals/36616)

is a portal of the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, collecting information on publications of Polish scientists and on Polish and foreign scholarly journals. Polish Scholarly Bibliograhpy is a part of POL-on - System of Information on Higher Education. It is operated by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw.

Indexed in Russian Sciences Index Российский индекс научного цитирования (РИНЦ) http://elibrary.ru/contents.asp?titleid=37467

Indexed in Arianta Polish scientific and professional electronic journals Aneta Drabek i Arkadiusz Pulikowski

(http://www1.bg.us.edu.pl/bazy/czasopisma/czasop_full.asp?id=3595)