Diogenes’ syndrome

Adrianna Maliszewska, Katarzyna Banaszczyk, Michał Owsiany, Patrycja Maliszewska

Abstract


Diogenes’ syndrome is a severe, life-threatening neurobehavioral disorder. Its main symptoms are complete negligence of ones hygiene, domestic squalor, emotional and social detachment as well as pathological hoarding of unnecessary things (mostly rubbish). In most cases, it affects elderly and lonesome people. This article shows the history of said disease, starting from early mentions, then going through researches conducted by Duncan Macmillan and Patricia Shaw in 1966, up until later studies done by Clark and his colleagues - this team labeled said illness in 1975 as Diogenes’ syndrome. What is more, their work covered majority of the most frequent indications along with its questionable etiopathogenesis. In addition, this article contains criteria, presented by Shehryar Khan in The American Journal of Psychiatry Residents' Journal, that can help in diagnosing this affliction. The fact that there is still very little knowledge about the therapy nor the diagnosis of Diogenes’ syndrome makes it difficult to treat. This paper describes the newest reports concerning epidemiology and the effectiveness of pharmacological treatment. The aim of that article is to gather and summarize up-to-date knowledge about said disease. Our main concern is the current, very low acquaintance with Diogenes’ syndrome which brings the challenge to the current state of medicine, especially psychiatry.

Keywords


Diogenes’ syndrome; pathologica; hoarding; elderly neglect

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adams J, Johnson J. Nurses’ perceptions of gross self-neglect amongst older people living in the community. Journal of Clinical Nursing: 1998;7:547-552.

Amanullah S, Oomman S, Shankar S. “Diogenes Syndrome” Revisited. The German Journal of Psychiatry 2009;12:38-44.

Assal F., Diogeness syndrome, Bogousslavsky J (ed): Neurologic-Psychiatric Syndromes in Focus. Part I – From Neurology to Psychiatry. Front Neurol Neurosci. Basel, Karger, 2018, vol 41, 90–97.

Biswas P, Ganguly A, Bala S, Nag F, Choudhary N, Sen S: Diogenessyndrome: a case report. Case Rep Dermat Med 2013, 2013:595192.

Clark ANG, Mankikar GD, Gray I. Diogenes Syndrome: a clinical study of gross neglect in old age. The Lancet 1975;1(7903):366-368.

Finney, C. M., & Mendez, M. F. (2017). Diogenes Syndrome in Frontotemporal Dementia. American Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease & Other Dementias, 32(7), 438–443.

Greve KW, Curtis KI, Bianchini KJ, Collins BT. Personality disorder masquerading as dementia: a case of apparent Diogenes syndrome. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry: 2004;19:701-705.

Khan, S. Diogenes syndrome: a Special manifestation of hoarding disorder. Am. J. Psychiatry Residents J. 2017;12:9–11.

Laertios D. Żywoty i poglądy słynnych filozofów. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN; 2013

Leonardo F. Fontenelle M.D., Diogenes syndrome in a patient with obsessive–compulsive disorder without hoarding, Ph.D. General Hospital Psychiatry, 2008, Volume 30; 3, Pages 288-290.

MacMillan D, Shaw P. Senile breakdown in standards of personal and environmental cleanliness.

British Medical Journal 1966;2(5521):1032-1037.

Nayak K, Gopinath H, Kini H, Kumar P. Unmasking Diogenes Syndrome. Indian J Dermatol. 2015;60(3):287-9.

Połom, M. (2014). Zespół Diogenesa – charakterystyka zjawiska. Psychogeriatria polska, 11, 4, 103-110.

Reyes-Ortiz CA. Diogenes syndrome: the self-neglect elderly. ComprehensiveTherapy 2001;2(27):117–121.

Wrigley M, Cooney C. Diogenes Syndrome – an Irish Series. Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine 1992;9:37–41.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2004236

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 © The Author(s)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Journal of Education, Health and Sport formerly Journal of Health Sciences

Declaration on the original version.

Editors indicates that the main version of the magazine is to issue a "electronic".

The journal has had 5 points in Ministry of Science and Higher Education parametric evaluation. § 8. 2) and § 12. 1. 2) 22.02.2019.

1223 Journal of Education, Health and Sport eISSN 2391-8306 7

ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

Archives 2011 - 2014

PBN 2011 - 2014

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/sedno-webapp/search?search&searchCategory=WORK&filter.inJournal=36616

POL-index 2011 - 2014

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/polindex-webapp/browse/journal/journal-32a319c5-a850-4f44-ba70-1418a6087655

BASE 2011 - 2014

https://www.base-search.net/Search/Results?lookfor=Journal+of+Health+Sciences+%28Radom%29&type=all&oaboost=1&ling=1&name=&thes=&refid=dcrespl&newsearch=1

http://elibrary.ru/contents.asp?titleid=37467

http://journal.rsw.edu.pl/index.php/JHS/issue/archive

Indexed in Bases, Bazy indeksacyjne: ERIH Plus, Worldcat, PBN/POL-Index, ICI Journals Master List, Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), ZBD, Ulrich's periodicals, Google Scholar, Polska Bibliografia Lekarska

US NLM = 101679844

101679844 - NLM Catalog Result - NCBI

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nlmcatalog/101679844

Find a library that holds this journal: http://worldcat.org/issn/23918306

Journal Language(s): English 

PBN Poland

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/sedno-webapp/journals/49068

POL-index

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/polindex-webapp/browse/journal/journal-c39c8169-88d2-45db-9e7f-d948ce9981c4

BASE

https://www.base-search.net/Search/Results?join=AND&bool0[]=AND&lookfor0[]=2391-8306&type0[]=all&page=11&l=pl&oaboost=1&refid=dcpagepl

Redaction, Publisher and Editorial Office

Instytut Kultury Fizycznej Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy, Institute of Physical Education Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, Poland 85-091 Bydgoszcz ul. Sportowa 2  www.ukw.edu.pl Copyright by Instytut Kultury Fizycznej UKW w Bydgoszczy http://ojs.ukw.edu.pl/index.php/johs  Open Access ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

The journal has been approved for inclusion in ERIH PLUS.

The ERIH PLUS listing of the journal is available at https://dbh.nsd.uib.no/publiseringskanaler/erihplus/periodical/info?id=485984

SIC Science citation index (calculated on the basis of TCI and Page Rank) 0

Russian Impact factor 0.16

Indexed in Index Copernicus Journals Master List.

http://journals.indexcopernicus.com/Journal+of+Education+Health+and+Sport,p24782242,3.html

ICV 2018 = 95.95 ICV 2017 = 91.30 ICV 2016 = 84.69 ICV 2015 = 93.34 ICV 2014 = 89.51 Standardized Value: 8.27 ICV 2013: 7.32 ICV 2012: 6.41 ICV 20115.48

The InfoBase Index IBI Factor for the year 2015 is 3.56 in InfoBase Index.com.

Website: www.infobaseindex.com

Universal Impact Factor 1.78 for year 2012. (http://www.uifactor.org/AppliedJournals.aspx)

Indexed in Polish Scholarly Bibliography (PBN) (PBN Polska Bibliografia Naukowa) (https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/journals/36616)

is a portal of the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, collecting information on publications of Polish scientists and on Polish and foreign scholarly journals. Polish Scholarly Bibliograhpy is a part of POL-on - System of Information on Higher Education. It is operated by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw.

Indexed in Russian Sciences Index Российский индекс научного цитирования (РИНЦ) http://elibrary.ru/contents.asp?titleid=37467

Indexed in Arianta Polish scientific and professional electronic journals Aneta Drabek i Arkadiusz Pulikowski

(http://www1.bg.us.edu.pl/bazy/czasopisma/czasop_full.asp?id=3595)