Impact of physicial activity with programmed intensity in body composition

Gentiana Beqa, Florian Miftari, Bahri Gjinovci, Abdulla Elezi, Gresa Elezi

Abstract


Physical activity is a very important regulator of body mass, a more natural way of consuming energy which, according to the lifestyle of today, has become very limited. Due to this fact, this research was intended to validate the influence of cyclically-programmed intensity physical activity on some body components. The sample for the purpose of this research included 25 women aged 20-30 who willingly admitted to be part of this research. These variables of body components have been applied: Body weight (WEIG), Body fat (BOFA), Muscle mass (MUMA), Body mass index (BMI) and Visceral fat level (VIFA).For the evaluation of body components, the bioelectric device Tanita BC-60 (Segmental Body Composition Monitor) was used. The women's group included in the research as an experimental group has undergone a 3-month training program with physical activity with programmed intensity of 50-70% of the heart rate. For the assessment of the difference between two dependent groups in arithmetical averages, the t-testing (Paired Sample T-Test) has been applied. Results obtained after statistical processing show that cyclic physical activity with programmed intensity (50-70%) three times a week for one hour had a positive effect on body fat tissue reduction for 17.79%, p <0.000.

Keywords


women; cyclical movements; fats.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Andrijaševi, M. (2010). Kineziološka rekreacija. Zagreb: Kineziološki fakultet Sveuilišta u Zagrebu.

Blair, S.,N., LaMonte, M.J., &Nichaman, M.,Z. (2004). The evolution of physical activity recommendations: How muchis enough? American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 79 (5), 913-920.

Flegal, K.M., Shepherd, J.A., Looker, A.C., Graubard, B.I., Borrud, L.G., Ogden, C,L,, et al. (2009). Comparisons of percentage body fat, body mass index, waist circumference, and waiststature ratio in adults. Am J Clin Nutr.;89(2):500-8.

Gallagher D, Visser M, Sepulveda D, Pierson RN, Harris T, Heymsfield SB. (1996). How useful is body mass index for comparison of body fatness across age, sex, and ethnic groups? Am J Epidemiol, 143:228-39.

Hackney, A. C. (2006). Exercise as a stressor to a human neuroendocrine system. Medicina (Kaunas), 42(10). 788-97.

Hajmer, S. (2010). Svjetska zdravstvena organizacija. Tjelesna aktivnost i zdravlje u Europi – dokazi za akciju (preveo Stjepan Heimer). Zagreb: Kineziološki fakultet, Sveučilišta u Zagrebu.

Hill, J.O., i Wyatt, H.R., (2005). Role of physical activity in preventing and treatingobesity. Appl Physiol, 99, 765 – 770.

Hu, F., (2008). Editor. Obesity Epidemiology. New York: Oxford University Press.

Hunter, G., Bamman, M. M., Hester. (2000). Obesity – Prone Children Can Benefit from High – Intensity Exercise. Strength Cond. J., 22,1, 51 – 54.

Kragelund, C. & Omland, T. (2005). A farewell to body mass index? Lancet. 366, 1589-91

Krassas, G.E., Tzotrzas, T.H., Tsametis, C., Konstantinidis, T. (2001). Prevalence and trends in overweight and obesity. among children and adolescents in Thessaloniki. Greece. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab, 14, 5, 1327-33.

Macura, M. (2008). Osnovi rekreacijske medicine. Beograd: Fakultet sporta i fizičkog vaspitanja.

Malina, R. M. & Katzmarzyk, P. T. (1999). Validity of the body mass index as an indicator of the risk and presence of overweight in adolescents. Am. J. Nutr; 70,131 – 136.

Mayer, J.M., Nuzzo, J., Chen, R., Quillen, W.S., Verna, J.L., Miro, R., Dagenais, S. (2012).Impact of obesity on back and core muscular endurance in firefighters. Journal of Obesity;729283:1-7.

Mikalački, M. (2005). Sportska rekreacija. Novi sad: Univerzitet u Novom Sadu.

Mladineo Brničević, M., Duplančić, D., Marinović, M. (2011). Primjena vage OMRON BF-500 u dijagnostici tjelesne konstitucije studentica. U: Zbornik radova 20.ljetne škole kineziologa RH (p.p. 139-143). Rovinj, Hrvatska: Zagreb, Hrvatski kineziološki savez.

Mašina T., Zečić M., Pavlović D. (2014). Spolne razlike u nekim antropometrijskim i motoričkim osobinama među studentima medicinskog fakulteta. 7TH International stiencific conference on kinesiology, Fundamental and Applied Kinesiology-Steps Forward, Croatia: 22 – 25,

Mišigoj – Duraković, M., i sur. (1995). Morfološka antropometrija u športu. Zagreb: Fakultet za fizičku kulturu.

Nalić, D., i Rakić, M. (2003). Zdravi stilovi života. Značaj kretanja za život i zdravlje. Soprt, fizička aktivnost i zdravlje mladih (132-134). Novi Sad: Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Novosadski maraton.

Nešić, M. (2013). Vrednosni aspekti univerzitetskog sporta. Teme, 2, 1011-1024Racette S.B.,

Deusinger S.S., Strube M.J., Highsein G.B., Deusinger R.H. (2008). Changes in weight and health behaviours from freshman through senior year of college. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 40:39-40.

Warburton, D., E., Gledhill, N., & Quinney, A. (2001). Musculoskeletal fitness and health. Canadian Journal AppliedPhysiology, 26, 217-237.

WHO (World Health Organization). (2002). The World health report 2002 - Reducing risks, promoting healthy life. Geneva: World Health Organization. http://www.who.int/whr/2002/en, pristupljeno 26.05.2015.

Trost, S.G., Owen, N., Bauman, A.E., Sallis J.F., Brown, W. (2002). Correlates of adults' participation in physical activity: review and update. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 34, 12, 1996–2001.

World Health Organisation (2002). The world health report 2002: reducing risks, promoting healthy life. Geneva: World Health Organization.

WHO (2006). Physical activity and health in Europe: evidence for action. / Edited by: Nick Cavill, SonjaKahlmeier and Francesca Racioppi. Copenhagen Denmark.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1630215

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 © The Author(s)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Journal of Education, Health and Sport formerly Journal of Health Sciences

Declaration on the original version.

Editors indicates that the main version of the magazine is to issue a "electronic".

The journal has had 5 points in Ministry of Science and Higher Education parametric evaluation. § 8. 2) and § 12. 1. 2) 22.02.2019.

1223 Journal of Education, Health and Sport eISSN 2391-8306 7

ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

Archives 2011 - 2014

PBN 2011 - 2014

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/sedno-webapp/search?search&searchCategory=WORK&filter.inJournal=36616

POL-index 2011 - 2014

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/polindex-webapp/browse/journal/journal-32a319c5-a850-4f44-ba70-1418a6087655

BASE 2011 - 2014

https://www.base-search.net/Search/Results?lookfor=Journal+of+Health+Sciences+%28Radom%29&type=all&oaboost=1&ling=1&name=&thes=&refid=dcrespl&newsearch=1

http://elibrary.ru/contents.asp?titleid=37467

http://journal.rsw.edu.pl/index.php/JHS/issue/archive

Indexed in Bases, Bazy indeksacyjne: ERIH Plus, Worldcat, PBN/POL-Index, ICI Journals Master List, Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), ZBD, Ulrich's periodicals, Google Scholar, Polska Bibliografia Lekarska

US NLM = 101679844

101679844 - NLM Catalog Result - NCBI

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nlmcatalog/101679844

Find a library that holds this journal: http://worldcat.org/issn/23918306

Journal Language(s): English 

PBN Poland

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/sedno-webapp/journals/49068

POL-index

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/polindex-webapp/browse/journal/journal-c39c8169-88d2-45db-9e7f-d948ce9981c4

BASE

https://www.base-search.net/Search/Results?join=AND&bool0[]=AND&lookfor0[]=2391-8306&type0[]=all&page=11&l=pl&oaboost=1&refid=dcpagepl

Redaction, Publisher and Editorial Office

Instytut Kultury Fizycznej Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy, Institute of Physical Education Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, Poland 85-091 Bydgoszcz ul. Sportowa 2  www.ukw.edu.pl Copyright by Instytut Kultury Fizycznej UKW w Bydgoszczy http://ojs.ukw.edu.pl/index.php/johs  Open Access ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

The journal has been approved for inclusion in ERIH PLUS.

The ERIH PLUS listing of the journal is available at https://dbh.nsd.uib.no/publiseringskanaler/erihplus/periodical/info?id=485984

SIC Science citation index (calculated on the basis of TCI and Page Rank) 0

Russian Impact factor 0.16

Indexed in Index Copernicus Journals Master List.

http://journals.indexcopernicus.com/Journal+of+Education+Health+and+Sport,p24782242,3.html

ICV 2018 = 95.95 ICV 2017 = 91.30 ICV 2016 = 84.69 ICV 2015 = 93.34 ICV 2014 = 89.51 Standardized Value: 8.27 ICV 2013: 7.32 ICV 2012: 6.41 ICV 20115.48

The InfoBase Index IBI Factor for the year 2015 is 3.56 in InfoBase Index.com.

Website: www.infobaseindex.com

Universal Impact Factor 1.78 for year 2012. (http://www.uifactor.org/AppliedJournals.aspx)

Indexed in Polish Scholarly Bibliography (PBN) (PBN Polska Bibliografia Naukowa) (https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/journals/36616)

is a portal of the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, collecting information on publications of Polish scientists and on Polish and foreign scholarly journals. Polish Scholarly Bibliograhpy is a part of POL-on - System of Information on Higher Education. It is operated by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw.

Indexed in Russian Sciences Index Российский индекс научного цитирования (РИНЦ) http://elibrary.ru/contents.asp?titleid=37467

Indexed in Arianta Polish scientific and professional electronic journals Aneta Drabek i Arkadiusz Pulikowski

(http://www1.bg.us.edu.pl/bazy/czasopisma/czasop_full.asp?id=3595)