Dragon Fruit Giving Effect Against Malondealdehıde (MDA) Levels in Muay Thaı Athletes With Hıgh Intensıty Interval Traınıng (HIIT) Method

Abdul Latif Rahman Hakim, Rachmah Laksmi Ambardini, Wildan Alfia Nugroho, Erick Burhaein

Abstract


Aim: The aim of this research is to know how much the level of decline in MDA levels in muay thai athletes with HIIT Tabata training method.
Methods: This research using experimental method with eighteen times of treatments using pretest-posttest control group design with true experimental lbortories research. The subjects of this research are 20 muay thai athletes. The subject divided into two groups they are control group and experimental group (who consume dragon fruit). The way of collecting the data in this research is by taking the blood from sample’s ven ante cubiti. Then the blood will be taken to the laboratory to measure the level of Malondealdehıde from control group, treatment group 1 and 2 by using TBARS method. The data analysis is using three steps of testing which is normal testing, homogeneity testing and hypothesis testing.
Results: The results obtained in this research are: 1) the data obtained from normality testing of significance score from every group >0,05 so that the data were normally distributed; 2) the data obtained from homogeneity testing of significance score from every group >0,05 so that the data were homogeneously distributed; 3) the different testing result obtained from control and treatment group is the significant point of 0.752 >0.05 so there are no significant different.
Conclusion: The conclusion that can be taken from the research are: 1) There is a high increase of MDA level in muay thai athlete who is given HITT training method ; 2) Giving the dragon fruit to the muay thai athlete which is given HIIT training method proven successfully decrease the level of their MDA; 3) There was no significant difference in effect between muay thai athletes who consumed dragon fruit and muay thai athletes who only practiced using the HIIT training method towards the decrease of MDA level within the blood.

Keywords


MDA; HIIT; Dragon Fruit

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aguirre, R., & May, J. M. (2008). Inflammation in the vascular bed: importance of vitamin C. Pharmacology & therapeutics, 119(1), 96-103.

Ambardini, R. L. (2005). Efek pemberian Panax Ginseng terhadap kadar malondialdehyde (MDA) dan Superoxide Dismutase (SOD) darah pada latihan fisik Aerobik intensitas sedang (Doctoral dissertation, Universitas Gadjah Mada).

Candrawati, S. (2015). Pengaruh Aktivitas Fisik Terhadap Stres Oksidatif. MANDALA of Health, 6(1), 454-461.

Crisafulli, A., Vitelli, S., Cappai, I., Milia, R., Tocco, F., Melis, F., & Concu, A. (2009). Physiological responses and energy cost during a simulation of a Muay Thai boxing match. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, 34(2), 143-150.

Ciolac, E. G. (2012). High-intensity interval training and hypertension: maximizing the benefits of exercise?. American journal of cardiovascular disease, 2(2), 102.

Cipryan, L. (2017). IL-6, antioxidant capacity and muscle damage markers following high-intensity interval training protocols. Journal of human kinetics, 56(1), 139-148.

El Samh, M. M. A., Sherein, A. A. D., & Essam, H. H. (2013). Properties and antioxidant activity of probiotic yoghurt flavored with black carrot, pumpkin and strawberry. International Journal of Dairy Science, 8(2), 48-57.

Emberts, T., Porcari, J., Dobers-tein, S., Steffen, J., & Foster, C. (2013). Exercise intensity and energy expenditure of a tabata workout. Journal of sports science & medicine, 12(3), 612.

Febrianti, N., Yunianto, I., & Dhaniaputri, R. (2015). Kandungan Antioksi dan Asam Askorbat pada Jus Buah-Buahan Tropis. Jurnal Bioedukatika, 3(1), 6-9.

Foster, C., Farland, C. V., Guidotti, F., Harbin, M., Roberts, B., Schuette, J., ... & Porcari, J. P. (2015). The effects of high intensity interval training vs steady state training on aerobic and anaerobic capacity. Journal of sports science & medicine, 14(4), 747.

George, B. O., & Osharechiren, O. I. (2009). Oxidative stress and antioxidant status in sportsmen two hours after strenuous exercise and in sedentary control subjects. African Journal of Biotechnology, 8(3).

Getoff, N. (2007). Anti-aging and aging factors in life. The role of free radicals. Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 76(10), 1577-1586.

Glangkarn, S. (2015). Antioxidant Activity in Red Dragon Fruit Jelly. Food and Public Health, 5(5), 203-206.

Güzel, N. A., Hazar, S., & Erbas, D. (2007). Effects of different resistance exercise protocols on nitric oxide, lipid peroxidation and creatine kinase activity in sedentary males. Journal of sports science & medicine, 6(4), 417.

Hackney, A. C., & Walz, E. A. (2013). Hormonal Adaptation And The Stress Of Exercise Training: The Role Of Glucocorticoids. Trends In Sport Sciences, 20(4), 165.

Jawi, I. M., Suprapta, D. N., Dwi, S. U., & Wiwiek, I. (2008). Ubi jalar ungu menurunkan kadar MDA dalam darah dan hati mencit setelah aktivitas fisik maksimal. Jurnal Veteriner Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Indonesia, 9(2), 65-72.

Khan, M. I. (2016). Plant betalains: safety, antioxidant activity, clinical efficacy, and bioavailability. Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety, 15(2), 316-330.

Kiyatno, K. (2009). Antioksidan Vitamin dan Kerusakan Otot pada Aktivitas Fisik Studi Eksperimen pada Mahasiswa JPOK-FKIP UNS Surakarta (Vitamin antioxidants administration toward muscle damage on exercise. An experimental study in students of FKIPâ JPOK Sebelas Maret University). Media Medika Indonesiana, 43(6), 277-281.

Li, G. (2013). The positive and negative aspects of reactive oxygen species in sports performance. In Current Issues in Sports and Exercise Medicine. InTech.

Olson, M. (2014). Tabata: It’sa Hiit!. ACSM'S Health & Fitness Journal, 18(5), 17-24.

Purwanto, M. N. (2013). Prinsip-prinsip dan teknik evaluasi pengajaran. Remaja Rosdakarya.

Samichah, S., & Syauqy, A. (2014). Aktivitas Antioksidan Dan Penerimaan Organoleptik Yoghurt Sari Wortel (Daucus Carrota L) (Doctoral dissertation, Diponegoro University).

Sugiyono, P. D. (2013). Metode Penelitian Manajemen. Bandung: Alfabeta, CV.

Widyaningsih, W. (2016). Pengkajian Aktivitas Kardioprotektif, Antioksidan Dan Antiapoptosis Ekstrak Etanol Terstandar Melatonin Dari Ganggang Hijau (Ulva Lactuca L) (Doctoral Dissertation, Universitas Gadjah Mada).

Winarsi, H. (2007). Natural antioxidants and free radicals. Kanisius, Yogyakarta.

Wu, L. C., Hsu, H. W., Chen, Y. C., Chiu, C. C., Lin, Y. I., & Ho, J. A. A. (2006). Antioxidant and antiproliferative activities of red pitaya. Food Chemistry, 95(2), 319-327.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1472727

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 © The Author(s)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Journal of Education, Health and Sport formerly Journal of Health Sciences

Declaration on the original version.

Editors indicates that the main version of the magazine is to issue a "electronic".

The journal has had 5 points in Ministry of Science and Higher Education parametric evaluation. § 8. 2) and § 12. 1. 2) 22.02.2019.

1223 Journal of Education, Health and Sport eISSN 2391-8306 7

ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

Archives 2011 - 2014

PBN 2011 - 2014

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/sedno-webapp/search?search&searchCategory=WORK&filter.inJournal=36616

POL-index 2011 - 2014

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/polindex-webapp/browse/journal/journal-32a319c5-a850-4f44-ba70-1418a6087655

BASE 2011 - 2014

https://www.base-search.net/Search/Results?lookfor=Journal+of+Health+Sciences+%28Radom%29&type=all&oaboost=1&ling=1&name=&thes=&refid=dcrespl&newsearch=1

http://elibrary.ru/contents.asp?titleid=37467

http://journal.rsw.edu.pl/index.php/JHS/issue/archive

Indexed in Bases, Bazy indeksacyjne: ERIH Plus, Worldcat, PBN/POL-Index, ICI Journals Master List, Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), ZBD, Ulrich's periodicals, Google Scholar, Polska Bibliografia Lekarska

US NLM = 101679844

101679844 - NLM Catalog Result - NCBI

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nlmcatalog/101679844

Find a library that holds this journal: http://worldcat.org/issn/23918306

Journal Language(s): English 

PBN Poland

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/sedno-webapp/journals/49068

POL-index

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/polindex-webapp/browse/journal/journal-c39c8169-88d2-45db-9e7f-d948ce9981c4

BASE

https://www.base-search.net/Search/Results?join=AND&bool0[]=AND&lookfor0[]=2391-8306&type0[]=all&page=11&l=pl&oaboost=1&refid=dcpagepl

Redaction, Publisher and Editorial Office

Instytut Kultury Fizycznej Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy, Institute of Physical Education Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, Poland 85-091 Bydgoszcz ul. Sportowa 2  www.ukw.edu.pl Copyright by Instytut Kultury Fizycznej UKW w Bydgoszczy http://ojs.ukw.edu.pl/index.php/johs  Open Access ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

The journal has been approved for inclusion in ERIH PLUS.

The ERIH PLUS listing of the journal is available at https://dbh.nsd.uib.no/publiseringskanaler/erihplus/periodical/info?id=485984

SIC Science citation index (calculated on the basis of TCI and Page Rank) 0

Russian Impact factor 0.16

Indexed in Index Copernicus Journals Master List.

http://journals.indexcopernicus.com/Journal+of+Education+Health+and+Sport,p24782242,3.html

ICV 2018 = 95.95 ICV 2017 = 91.30 ICV 2016 = 84.69 ICV 2015 = 93.34 ICV 2014 = 89.51 Standardized Value: 8.27 ICV 2013: 7.32 ICV 2012: 6.41 ICV 20115.48

The InfoBase Index IBI Factor for the year 2015 is 3.56 in InfoBase Index.com.

Website: www.infobaseindex.com

Universal Impact Factor 1.78 for year 2012. (http://www.uifactor.org/AppliedJournals.aspx)

Indexed in Polish Scholarly Bibliography (PBN) (PBN Polska Bibliografia Naukowa) (https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/journals/36616)

is a portal of the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, collecting information on publications of Polish scientists and on Polish and foreign scholarly journals. Polish Scholarly Bibliograhpy is a part of POL-on - System of Information on Higher Education. It is operated by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw.

Indexed in Russian Sciences Index Российский индекс научного цитирования (РИНЦ) http://elibrary.ru/contents.asp?titleid=37467

Indexed in Arianta Polish scientific and professional electronic journals Aneta Drabek i Arkadiusz Pulikowski

(http://www1.bg.us.edu.pl/bazy/czasopisma/czasop_full.asp?id=3595)