Legal basis of sailing development within 1989-2012

Dagmara Sądecka, Małgorzata Janusz


Motivation: This article is dedicated for presenting legal regulations concerning sailing in Poland. In chronological attribution the period covered are years between 1989 and 2012. The start caesura is 1989, connected with system transformation, which started several changes in organizational structure of the country as well as in the structures of widely perceived physical culture. The end caesura is 2012, which was the year of the Olympic Games in London. In the article methods and research techniques used included source materials analysis, which was basic information resource under the research process. Aim: Legal acts presented within the article are only the fragment of documents of varying significance, regulating any legal ground for practicing sailing. Detailed and full analysis is not possible in the article. However, the choice of some key acts and regulations and the attempt to compare the present state with the law binding in previous years, allows forming an idea about the direction of changes in legal situation of sailing in general. It has to be stated that the trend in legislation concerning recreational sailing started to be visible at the beginning of 21st century. Within earlier periods these issues were treated as marginal in regard to economical aspects of navigation. Results: Within years 1989 to 2012 there were deep changes in the area of legal regulations, evolution of sailing and training qualifications. These changes substantially adjusted contemporary legal grounds in Poland to the demands included in rights and regulations of European Union. The enhancement was especially in the area of safety and rules of assigning various licences and registering floating objects. The changes were concerning also rising numbers of regulations and legal acts connected with sailing as well tourist or recreational as sport.


law, sailing, development, years 1989-2012

Full Text:



P. Świder, A. Szybisty, M. Czech, Normy prawne w zakresie kształcenia kadr instruktorskich i trenerskich sportu i rekreacji w latach 1989–2015 [in:] Struktury zarządzania kulturą fizyczną w Polsce i ich uwarunkowania prawne, ed. A. Rejman, M. Janusz, Rzeszów 2016, p. 80.

R. Poturaj, Żeby było oknem na świat, „Żagle”, 1989 no. 10, pp. 7–8.

Journal of Laws 1961 no. 58 position 318.

Including leisure yachting in professional yachting’s law and rules required the whole process of registration, specialist technical supervision, introduced the requirement of professional yachting equipment, aiding, navigational, signaling means, etc. In reality the equipment of Polish yachts had to be in accordance with the International Convention of Safety of Life At Sea SOLAS

PZŻ information, Jakie zmiany, „Żagle”, 1992 no. 10, p. 6.

Journal of Laws 1968 no. 30 position 202.

Zarządzenie Przewodniczącego Głównego Komitetu Kultury Fizycznej i Turystyki z dnia 15 września 1965 r. w sprawie uprawiania żeglugi przez statki turystyczne i sportowe na śródlądowych drogach wodnych, „Monitor Polski”, 1965, no. 53, position. 27.

Zarządzenie Przewodniczącego GKKFiT z dnia 27 sierpnia 1974 r. zmieniające zarządzenie w sprawie sportowych stopni żeglarskich i motorowodnych, „Monitor Polski”, 1974, no. 31, position. 189.

R. Poturaj, Żeby było…, quoted work, p. 7–8.

The bill of 24th October 1974 Sailing law [Journal of Laws 1974 no. 38 position. 230 2002.01.01 with later amendments].

The bill of 21st October 2000 about inland sailing [Journal of Laws 2001 no 5 position 43, with later amendments].

In there, article 18, paragraph 2.

The bill of 7th March 1950 about sailing and rafting on inland waters [Journal of Laws 1950 no. 10 position. 108 with later amendments].

In there, article. 9.

Minister of Infrastructure’ of 28.04.2003 concerning sailing law on inland waters [Journal of Laws 2003 no. 212 position 2072].

The bill of 18th September 2001 Nautical Codex [Journal of Laws 2001 no. 138 position 1545].

The bill of 1st December 1961 Nautical Codex [Journal of Laws 1961 no. 58 position. 318].

Bill of 18th August 2011 concerning safety of people on water reservoirs [Journal of Laws 2011 no. 208 position 1240].

In there, article 1, paragraph 5.

Bill of 18th August 2011 concerning marine safety [Journal of Laws 2011 no. 228 position 1368].

Bill of 21st December 2000 concerning sailing …, quoted work., article 37a, paragraph 15.

Bill of 18th August 2011 concerning safety …, quoted work, article 5, paragraphs 7–10.

Compare: bill of 8the November 2000 r. concerning marine safety [Journal of Laws 2000 No. 109 position. 1156].

Bill of 25th June 2010 concerning sport [Journal of Laws 2010 no. 127, position 857 with later amendments].

Bill of 18th January 1996 concerning physical culture [Journal of Laws 2001 no. 81, position 889 with later amendments].

Minister of Sport’s Decree of 9th June 2006 concerning sailing [Journal of Laws 2006 no. 105, position 712].

In there.

In there,§ 2. 1.

Bill of 7th March 1950 concerning sailing… quoted works

Ministry of Sailing’s Decree of 1st February 1967 concerning sailing and rafting on inland waters [Monitor Polski 1967 no.14 position 71]

Minister of Infrastructure’ Decree of 28.04.2003 concerning sailing law…, quoted works.

Bill of 18th August 2011 concerning safety… quoted works.

Minister of Marine Transport, Construction and Economy of 28th February 2012 concerning safe sailing by marine yachts [Journal of Laws 2012, position 326].

In there § 2. 1.

Minister of Infrastructure’ Decree of 13.12.2002 concerning detailed conditions of safe sailing by marine ships [Journal of Laws no.222, position 1867].

In there, § 2. 1.

Bill of 3rd July 1984 concerning physical culture.

The Council of Ministry’s Decree of 12th September 1997 concerning sailing [Journal of Laws 1997, no.112, position 729].

Journal of Laws 2006, no.105, position 712, changed by the decree Journal of Laws 2006, no.151, position 1088].

Journal of Laws 2007, no.171, position 1208.



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