Definition of medical error and physicians’ interest in changes in the law

Renata Husarz, Anna Jurek, Janusz Jaroszyński, Marzena Furtak-Niczyporuk, Aneta Mela


The main purpose of the paper is to discuss the definition of medical error. Moreover, the statistical analysis was aimed at demonstrating at what level is the legal knowledge of the professional group of doctors, in relation to the performed profession.
The research group consisted of doctors of different specializations, of different ages, with diverse work experiences, performing their profession in the Lubelskie voivodeship. These were people working on the basis of contract of employment, civil law contracts or individual medical practice, employed in provincial hospitals, clinics, district hospitals, outpatient’s clinics, ambulances or medical centers. The author's questionnaire survey consisted of questions and answers for 298 doctors.
Damage resulting from a widely understood medical error can be caused not only by the physician but by all medical staff or due to the organizational failure of the medical establishment.
It must be stated with all conviction that the formulation of the concept of medical error is still ongoing and will evolve with the development of medicine as well as the law, which will strive to delineate the framework of its occurrence.
The majority of doubts, which results from the obtained research, raises the issue of provision of medical help without the consent of the patient and the right to refuse treatment, but above all, what is quite surprising is the question of accepting gifts from pharmaceutical companies.
The most frequently cited reasons influencing the lack of updating legal knowledge in the field of the performed profession were lack of time and a large number of duties, whereas the research group, in order to deepen their knowledge on that matter, most frequently used the Internet resources, industry articles, and on the third place was the training related to the subject matter of the medical law.


medical error; knowledge of law; changes in the law

Full Text:



Liszewska A., Odpowiedzialność karna lekarza za błąd w sztuce lekarskiej, Kraków 1998, s. 28. S. Raszeja, Zagadnienia prawno-medyczne ze szczególnym uwzględnieniem odpowiedzialności prawnej lekarza [W:] S. Raszeja, Wł. Nasiłkowski, J. Markiewicz, Medycyna sądowa. Podręcznik dla studentów, Warszawa 1993, s. 275. S. Rutkowski, Wybrane zagadnienia z zakresu odpowiedzialności karnej lekarza, Prok. i Pr. 1999, Nr 9: s. 71.

Za: Bączyk-Rozwadowska K., Błąd lekarski (błąd sztuki lekarskiej) a wina lekarza [w:] materiały konferencyjne Błąd w sztuce lekarskiej jako delikt prawa cywilnego, Pułtusk 1-3 grudnia, 2008 r.

Nesterowicz M., Kontraktowa i deliktowa odpowiedzialność lekarza za zabieg leczniczy, Warszawa, Poznań : Państwowe Wydaw. Naukowe, 1972 s . 79

Sygn. IV CR 39/54, OSN 1957, nr 1, poz . 7

Bączyk – Rozwadowska K., Błąd..., s. 30 i przywołane tam orzeczenia.

Windak A, Chlabicz S., Mastalerz – Migas A., Medycyna Rodzinna. Podręcznik dla lekarzy i studentów. Wyd I, Termedia Wydawnictwa Medyczne Poznań 2015 r.

Sygn. IV CSK 431/12 - wyrok Sądu Najwyższego z dnia 18 stycznia 2013 r.

Sygn. I ACa 745/14 – wyrok Sądu Apelacyjnego w Łodzi z dnia 27 listopada 2014 r.

Sygn. I ACa 510/05, wyrok Sądu Apelacyjnego w Lublinie z dnia 29 września 2005 r; takie samo stanowisko, powołując się na powyższy wyrok wyraził Sąd Najwyższy w swoim orzeczeniu Sądu Najwyższy w wyroku z dnia 10 lutego 2010 r. o sygn. V CSK 287/09 oraz Sąd Apelacyjny w Warszawie z dnia 25 marca 2015 r. o sygn. I ACa 1139/14.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 © The Author(s)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Journal of Education, Health and Sport formerly Journal of Health Sciences

Declaration on the original version.

Editors indicates that the main version of the magazine is to issue a "electronic".

The journal has had 5 points in Ministry of Science and Higher Education parametric evaluation. § 8. 2) and § 12. 1. 2) 22.02.2019.

1223 Journal of Education, Health and Sport eISSN 2391-8306 7

ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

Archives 2011 - 2014

PBN 2011 - 2014

POL-index 2011 - 2014

BASE 2011 - 2014

Indexed in Bases, Bazy indeksacyjne: ERIH Plus, Worldcat, PBN/POL-Index, ICI Journals Master List, Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), ZBD, Ulrich's periodicals, Google Scholar, Polska Bibliografia Lekarska

US NLM = 101679844

101679844 - NLM Catalog Result - NCBI

Find a library that holds this journal:

Journal Language(s): English 

PBN Poland



Redaction, Publisher and Editorial Office

Instytut Kultury Fizycznej Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy, Institute of Physical Education Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, Poland 85-091 Bydgoszcz ul. Sportowa 2 Copyright by Instytut Kultury Fizycznej UKW w Bydgoszczy  Open Access ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

The journal has been approved for inclusion in ERIH PLUS.

The ERIH PLUS listing of the journal is available at

SIC Science citation index (calculated on the basis of TCI and Page Rank) 0

Russian Impact factor 0.16

Indexed in Index Copernicus Journals Master List.,p24782242,3.html

ICV 2018 = 95.95 ICV 2017 = 91.30 ICV 2016 = 84.69 ICV 2015 = 93.34 ICV 2014 = 89.51 Standardized Value: 8.27 ICV 2013: 7.32 ICV 2012: 6.41 ICV 20115.48

The InfoBase Index IBI Factor for the year 2015 is 3.56 in InfoBase


Universal Impact Factor 1.78 for year 2012. (

Indexed in Polish Scholarly Bibliography (PBN) (PBN Polska Bibliografia Naukowa) (

is a portal of the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, collecting information on publications of Polish scientists and on Polish and foreign scholarly journals. Polish Scholarly Bibliograhpy is a part of POL-on - System of Information on Higher Education. It is operated by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw.

Indexed in Russian Sciences Index Российский индекс научного цитирования (РИНЦ)

Indexed in Arianta Polish scientific and professional electronic journals Aneta Drabek i Arkadiusz Pulikowski