The incidence of significant relationships between selected parameters of feet and parameters of trunk in children aged 4, 5 and 6 years

Mirosław Mrozkowiak, Marek Sokołowski, Alicja Kaiser, Mariusz Posłuszny

Abstract


Introduction. The evolution of information technology has resulted in development of normative ranges with regard to the parameters of human body posture which led to further research of their mutual impact, relationships and concomitance.

Material and method. The study conducted with the group of children aged 4 to 6 years enabled to record 2,988 observations with regard to the measurement of the 90 parameters describing trunk and feet. The station for an assessment of body posture and feet using the photogrammetric method consisted of a computer, a card, software, a display monitor, a printer and a projection-reception device with a camera to measure selected parameters.

Findings

1. The values of left foot parameters correlated significantly more with trunk parameters than right foot parameters. Particularly high correlations were observed in the following parameters: length of the fifth arch, surface of plantokonturogram (the plantar side of the feet) and height of the fifth arch, valgity angle of the fifth toe, and heel angle of left foot.

2. Foot parameters revealed the most frequent significant relationship with trunk parameters in the sagittal and frontal planes. Trunk parameters with which foot parameters correlated most often included: asymmetry in the height of both scapulas with the right scapula up, inclination of thoracolumbar region and asymmetry in the height of waist triangles with the right triangle up.


Keywords


relationship, feet, spine, pelvis

Full Text:

PDF

References


Łubkowska Wioletta, Normative ranges of physiological spinal curves for children and adolescents in Szczecin, Scientific Journals of Szczecin University, No. 771, Publications of the Institute of Physical Culture, No. 28 2012.

Mrozkowiak M., Modulation, impact and relationships of the selected body posture parameters in children and adolescents aged 4 to 18 in the light of mora projection, Publishing House of Kazimierz Wielki University, Bydgoszcz, Volume I, II, 2015 r.

Plaskiewicz Anna, Kałużny Krystian, Kochański Bartosz, Wołowiec Łukasz, Hagner Wojciech, Zukow Walery. Assessment of the incidence of feet defects in children aged 9-10 years in the urban and rural environment. Journal of Education, Health and Sport.2015;5(4):325-334.

Puzder Anna, Gworys Kamila, Kowalewska Elżbieta, Durka Sylwia, Kunikowska Beata, Kujawa Jolanta, Assessment of the incidence of lower limb statics disorders in children from urban and rural settlements – pilot studies, Kwart. Ortop. 2011, 4, p. 377.

Wojna Dorota, Anwajler Joanna, Hawrylak Arleta, Barczyk Katarzyna, Evaluation of body posture in early-school-age children, Physiotherapy 2010, 18, 4, p. 27-39.

Walaszek R., Szurmik T., Marszałek A., Walaszek K., Burdacki M., 2014, Assessment of longitudinal arch in feet of 5-year-old girls and boys from rural environments. Zeszyty Zamojskie, Vol. XVI, journal 2, p. 61-71, Zamość, ISSN 1507-9090.

Mięsowicz I., 1965, Statodynamic interdependencies within hip region in ontogenetic development. Scientific works and materials IMD, no. 5.

Mięsowicz I., 1966, Statodynamic interdependencies within foot region in ontogenetic development. Scientific works and materials IMD, no. 8.

Drzał-Grabiec J., Snela S., 2012, Spinal curvatures and foot defects in children: an experimental study, Spine.

Mrozkowiak M., Sokołowski M., Kaiser A.: Relationships and influence of pelvis–spine and feet complex features in population of boys and girls aged 14–18 years. Issues of family medicine, September 2012, XIV, No. 3, p. 28-36.

Mrozkowiak M., Jazdończyk P., Relationships in the spine-pelvis system and feet in girls and boys aged 4 to 18 years. Journal of Education, Health and Sport. 2015;5(7):226-250.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1188405

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 © The Author (s).

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Journal of Education, Health and Sport formerly Journal of Health Sciences

Declaration on the original version.

Editors indicates that the main version of the magazine is to issue a "electronic".

The journal has had 5 points in Ministry of Science and Higher Education parametric evaluation. § 8. 2) and § 12. 1. 2) 22.02.2019.

1223 Journal of Education, Health and Sport eISSN 2391-8306 7

ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

Archives 2011 - 2014

PBN 2011 - 2014

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/sedno-webapp/search?search&searchCategory=WORK&filter.inJournal=36616

POL-index 2011 - 2014

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/polindex-webapp/browse/journal/journal-32a319c5-a850-4f44-ba70-1418a6087655

BASE 2011 - 2014

https://www.base-search.net/Search/Results?lookfor=Journal+of+Health+Sciences+%28Radom%29&type=all&oaboost=1&ling=1&name=&thes=&refid=dcrespl&newsearch=1

http://elibrary.ru/contents.asp?titleid=37467

http://journal.rsw.edu.pl/index.php/JHS/issue/archive

Indexed in Bases, Bazy indeksacyjne: ERIH Plus, Worldcat, PBN/POL-Index, ICI Journals Master List, Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), ZBD, Ulrich's periodicals, Google Scholar, Polska Bibliografia Lekarska

US NLM = 101679844

101679844 - NLM Catalog Result - NCBI

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nlmcatalog/101679844

Find a library that holds this journal: http://worldcat.org/issn/23918306

Journal Language(s): English 

PBN Poland

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/sedno-webapp/journals/49068

POL-index

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/polindex-webapp/browse/journal/journal-c39c8169-88d2-45db-9e7f-d948ce9981c4

BASE

https://www.base-search.net/Search/Results?join=AND&bool0[]=AND&lookfor0[]=2391-8306&type0[]=all&page=11&l=pl&oaboost=1&refid=dcpagepl

Redaction, Publisher and Editorial Office

Instytut Kultury Fizycznej Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy, Institute of Physical Education Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, Poland 85-091 Bydgoszcz ul. Sportowa 2  www.ukw.edu.pl Copyright by Instytut Kultury Fizycznej UKW w Bydgoszczy http://ojs.ukw.edu.pl/index.php/johs  Open Access ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

The journal has been approved for inclusion in ERIH PLUS.

The ERIH PLUS listing of the journal is available at https://dbh.nsd.uib.no/publiseringskanaler/erihplus/periodical/info?id=485984

SIC Science citation index (calculated on the basis of TCI and Page Rank) 0

Russian Impact factor 0.16

Indexed in Index Copernicus Journals Master List.

http://journals.indexcopernicus.com/Journal+of+Education+Health+and+Sport,p24782242,3.html

ICV 2018 = 95.95 ICV 2017 = 91.30 ICV 2016 = 84.69 ICV 2015 = 93.34 ICV 2014 = 89.51 Standardized Value: 8.27 ICV 2013: 7.32 ICV 2012: 6.41 ICV 20115.48

The InfoBase Index IBI Factor for the year 2015 is 3.56 in InfoBase Index.com.

Website: www.infobaseindex.com

Universal Impact Factor 1.78 for year 2012. (http://www.uifactor.org/AppliedJournals.aspx)

Indexed in Polish Scholarly Bibliography (PBN) (PBN Polska Bibliografia Naukowa) (https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/journals/36616)

is a portal of the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, collecting information on publications of Polish scientists and on Polish and foreign scholarly journals. Polish Scholarly Bibliograhpy is a part of POL-on - System of Information on Higher Education. It is operated by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw.

Indexed in Russian Sciences Index Российский индекс научного цитирования (РИНЦ) http://elibrary.ru/contents.asp?titleid=37467

Indexed in Arianta Polish scientific and professional electronic journals Aneta Drabek i Arkadiusz Pulikowski

(http://www1.bg.us.edu.pl/bazy/czasopisma/czasop_full.asp?id=3595)