Changes in the physical capacity of road cyclists during the preparatory period

Krzysztof Byzdra, Kamil Więckowski, Mirosław Piątek, Janusz Mikołajczyk, Robert Stępniak


Graduation work entitled "Changes in the physical capacity of road cyclists during the preparatory period" is based on spiroergometric tests, which assess at the same time three systems: respiratory, circulatory and muscular.

               The work shows the changes effort possibilities of road cyclists, under
the influence of training conducted during the preparatory period.

               In the theoretical part of this work were characterized the concept of physical capacity, its division and assessment methods of capacity. Selected parameters were presented, determined in the spiroergometric tests. Also the time structure of training
in road cycling was described.

               Each of competitors were tested twice a time. The first test took place at the turn
of January and December, that is during the preparatory period. The second test cyclists
took place in the second half of March, so at the end of the preparatory period,  before
the first races. The results of five parameters were analyzed: WR max, WR (VT1), VO2max, VO2 / HR (VT1),% VO2max (VT1).

               All tested parameters were increased during preparatory period. The most susceptible to the increase parameters under the influence of training during the preparatory period are: power generated on the anaerobic threshold and on the top of the effort (increase 12,68% and 11,25%), oxygen pulse (12,88%). Training improve the work of the muscular and circulatory systems. The least exposed to changes are parameters
of gas exchange.

               Spiroergometric tests results can be used for planning training in subsequent training periods.


cycling, efficiency

Full Text:



Birch K., MacLaren D., George K. 2009. Krótkie wykłady. Fizjologia sportu. Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, Warszawa.

Domański T. 1998. Marketing dla menedżerów. Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, Warszawa, cytat, s. 123.

Górski J. 2015. Fizjologiczne podstawy wysiłku fizycznego. Wydawnictwo Lekarskie PZWL, Warszawa, wyd. II.

Heyward H. 1998. Advance Fitness Assessment & Exercise Prescription. The Cooper Institute for Aerobic Research, Dallas, 3rd edition, p. 48.

Jastrzębska A., Zatoń M. 2014. Testy fizjologiczne w ocenie wydolności fizycznej. Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, Warszawa.

Lau D. 2012. Kolarstwo. Podstawy treningu. Wydawnictwo Buk Rower, Warszawa.

Łobocki M. 1978. Metody badań pedagogicznych. Państwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe, Warszawa, cytat, s. 56.

Madaj K. 1997. Kolarstwo: trening, technika, taktyka. Polskie Wydawnictwo Sportowe SPRINT, Warszawa, wyd. I.

Straburzyńska-Migaj E. 2010. Testy ergospirometryczne w praktyce klinicznej. Wydawnictwo Lekarskie PZWL, Warszawa.

Pantani M., cytat, 20.06.2017.

Protokół badania Wingate Anaerobic Test, 20.06.2017.

Gadzała P. 2015. Christopher Froome „blisko granic ludzkiej wydolności”. 20.06.2017.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 © The Author(s)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Journal of Education, Health and Sport formerly Journal of Health Sciences

Declaration on the original version.

Editors indicates that the main version of the magazine is to issue a "electronic".

The journal has had 5 points in Ministry of Science and Higher Education parametric evaluation. § 8. 2) and § 12. 1. 2) 22.02.2019.

1223 Journal of Education, Health and Sport eISSN 2391-8306 7

ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

Archives 2011 - 2014

PBN 2011 - 2014

POL-index 2011 - 2014

BASE 2011 - 2014

Indexed in Bases, Bazy indeksacyjne: ERIH Plus, Worldcat, PBN/POL-Index, ICI Journals Master List, Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), ZBD, Ulrich's periodicals, Google Scholar, Polska Bibliografia Lekarska

US NLM = 101679844

101679844 - NLM Catalog Result - NCBI

Find a library that holds this journal:

Journal Language(s): English 

PBN Poland



Redaction, Publisher and Editorial Office

Instytut Kultury Fizycznej Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy, Institute of Physical Education Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, Poland 85-091 Bydgoszcz ul. Sportowa 2 Copyright by Instytut Kultury Fizycznej UKW w Bydgoszczy  Open Access ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

The journal has been approved for inclusion in ERIH PLUS.

The ERIH PLUS listing of the journal is available at

SIC Science citation index (calculated on the basis of TCI and Page Rank) 0

Russian Impact factor 0.16

Indexed in Index Copernicus Journals Master List.,p24782242,3.html

ICV 2018 = 95.95 ICV 2017 = 91.30 ICV 2016 = 84.69 ICV 2015 = 93.34 ICV 2014 = 89.51 Standardized Value: 8.27 ICV 2013: 7.32 ICV 2012: 6.41 ICV 20115.48

The InfoBase Index IBI Factor for the year 2015 is 3.56 in InfoBase


Universal Impact Factor 1.78 for year 2012. (

Indexed in Polish Scholarly Bibliography (PBN) (PBN Polska Bibliografia Naukowa) (

is a portal of the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, collecting information on publications of Polish scientists and on Polish and foreign scholarly journals. Polish Scholarly Bibliograhpy is a part of POL-on - System of Information on Higher Education. It is operated by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw.

Indexed in Russian Sciences Index Российский индекс научного цитирования (РИНЦ)

Indexed in Arianta Polish scientific and professional electronic journals Aneta Drabek i Arkadiusz Pulikowski