Evaluation of nutrition in children of preschool age

Edyta Suliga, Elżbieta Cieśla, Joanna Zemlik, Magdalena Joanna Pietraszkiewicz


Introduction. Overweight and obesity resulting in preschool are difficult to reverse, and are associated with many serious health complications and increased risk of premature illness and death in adulthood. Few of the existing publication evaluates daily food rations preschool children.

Aim of the study. Evaluation of nutrition of children of preschool age in terms of demand for energy and macronutrient intake in children of normal BMI and overweight children and obesity.

Material and methods.The analysis included 102 children. Nutritional status was assessed on the basis of anthropometric characteristics and indicators in relation to the WHO centile charts. Feeding analyzed on the basis of average daily intake, calculated as the mean of the 3-day storage menus. Estimation of the nutrient content in the children’s diet was carried out using diet 5. The analysis used statistical package STATISTICA 12.0.

Results. BMI correct in 83% of subjects, and 16% of excess body weight were observed. With regard to the energy and nutritional average daily food rations showed no statistically significant differences between the group of children with normal BMI and a group of children with overweight and obesity. The supply of energy and macronutrients in average daily diet of children deviated from the recommended standards among both groups of children studied.

Conclusions.The results showed a number of deficiencies in the nutrition of preschool children. Intake of nutrients in daily food rations differ from dietary recommendations for this age group. It is necessary to educate parents on the proper nutrition of children.


preschool children; nutrition assessment; normal BMI; overweight.

Full Text:



Górecka D., Szczepaniak B., Szymandera-Buszka K., Flaczyk E. Popularity of processed foodstuffs for infants and small children among parents. Acta Sci. Pol., Technol. Aliment. 6(4) 2007, 123-133

Collins LJ, Lacy KE, Campbell KJ, McNaughton SA. The Predictors of Diet Quality among Australian Children Aged 3.5 Years. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2016 Jul;116(7):1114-1126.

Cunningham SA, Kramer MR, Narayan KM. Incidence of childhood obesity in the United States. N Engl J Med. 2014;370(5):403-411.

de Onis M., Blo¨ssner M., Borghi E. Global prevalence and trends of overweight and obesity among preschool children. Am J Clin Nutr 2010;92:1257–64.

Jarosz M. Normy żywienia dla populacji polskiej – nowelizacja. Instytut Żywności i Żywienia., Warszawa 2012.

Kolarzyk E., Janik A., Kwiatkowski J. Zwyczaje żywieniowe dzieci w wieku przedszkolnym. Probl Hig Epidemiol 2008, 89(4): 531-536.

Harton A, Florczak J., Myszkowska-Ryciak J., Gajewska D. Spożycie warzyw i owoców przez dzieci w wieku przedszkolnym. Probl Hig Epidemiol 2015, 96(4): 732-736.

Zaimin Wang, Carla M. Patterson and Andrew P. Hills The Relationship Between BMI and Intake of Energy and Fat in Australian Youth: A Secondary Analysis of the National Nutrition Survey 1995, Nutrition & Dietetics (2003) 60 (1) : 23-29.

Sadowska Joanna , Krzymuska Agnieszka. Ocena uzupełniania przedszkolnej racji pokarmowej przez rodziców u dzieci w wieku przedszkolnym. Bromat Chem Toksykol, 2010, 2, str. 203 – 211

Sochacka-Tatara E, Jacek R, Sowa A, Musiał A. Ocena sposobu żywienia dzieci w wieku przedszkolnym. Probl Hig Epidemiol 2008, 89(3): 389-394

Gubbels J.S., Raaijmakers L.G.M., Gerards S.M.P.L., Kremers S.P.J. Dietary Intake by Dutch 1- to 3-Year-Old Children at Childcare and at Home. Nutrients 2014, 6, 304-318; doi:10.3390/nu6010304

Gacek M. Sposób żywienia dzieci przedszkolnych ze środowiska wielkomiejskiego. Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig 2012, 63, Nr 4, 477 – 482

Szczepańska E., Janion K. , Stanuch B. , Rydelek J. , Heller-Surowiec M., Kulesza K. Zachowania żywieniowe rodziców dzieci przedszkolnych zamieszkałych na terenie Górnego Śląska. Nowa Pediatria 2014, Nr.3, 87 - 91.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1000963


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 © The Author (s) 2017

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Journal of Education, Health and Sport formerly Journal of Health Sciences

Declaration on the original version.

Editors indicates that the main version of the magazine is to issue a "electronic".

The journal has had 5 points in Ministry of Science and Higher Education parametric evaluation. § 8. 2) and § 12. 1. 2) 22.02.2019.

1223 Journal of Education, Health and Sport eISSN 2391-8306 7

ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

Archives 2011 - 2014

PBN 2011 - 2014


POL-index 2011 - 2014


BASE 2011 - 2014




Indexed in Bases, Bazy indeksacyjne: ERIH Plus, Worldcat, PBN/POL-Index, ICI Journals Master List, Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), ZBD, Ulrich's periodicals, Google Scholar, Polska Bibliografia Lekarska

US NLM = 101679844

101679844 - NLM Catalog Result - NCBI


Find a library that holds this journal: http://worldcat.org/issn/23918306

Journal Language(s): English 

PBN Poland






Redaction, Publisher and Editorial Office

Instytut Kultury Fizycznej Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy, Institute of Physical Education Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, Poland 85-091 Bydgoszcz ul. Sportowa 2  www.ukw.edu.pl Copyright by Instytut Kultury Fizycznej UKW w Bydgoszczy http://ojs.ukw.edu.pl/index.php/johs  Open Access ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

The journal has been approved for inclusion in ERIH PLUS.

The ERIH PLUS listing of the journal is available at https://dbh.nsd.uib.no/publiseringskanaler/erihplus/periodical/info?id=485984

SIC Science citation index (calculated on the basis of TCI and Page Rank) 0

Russian Impact factor 0.16

Indexed in Index Copernicus Journals Master List.


ICV 2018 = 95.95 ICV 2017 = 91.30 ICV 2016 = 84.69 ICV 2015 = 93.34 ICV 2014 = 89.51 Standardized Value: 8.27 ICV 2013: 7.32 ICV 2012: 6.41 ICV 20115.48

The InfoBase Index IBI Factor for the year 2015 is 3.56 in InfoBase Index.com.

Website: www.infobaseindex.com

Universal Impact Factor 1.78 for year 2012. (http://www.uifactor.org/AppliedJournals.aspx)

Indexed in Polish Scholarly Bibliography (PBN) (PBN Polska Bibliografia Naukowa) (https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/journals/36616)

is a portal of the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, collecting information on publications of Polish scientists and on Polish and foreign scholarly journals. Polish Scholarly Bibliograhpy is a part of POL-on - System of Information on Higher Education. It is operated by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw.

Indexed in Russian Sciences Index Российский индекс научного цитирования (РИНЦ) http://elibrary.ru/contents.asp?titleid=37467

Indexed in Arianta Polish scientific and professional electronic journals Aneta Drabek i Arkadiusz Pulikowski