A few words about brochure “Death from graves”

Gabriela Frischke


In the second half of the 18th century, attention was paid to the problem of harmful air arising from burials in churches and in urban cemeteries. For several years, in many countries, special regulations have been issued banning such funerals and ordering to transfer dead bodies to new cemeteries away from human homes. This article deals with the brochure "Death from graves" of an unknown author, published in 1781 in Lviv. The text is bringing up a lot of health problems associated with the poisoned air coming from graves in the city and fits into the polemics of the time.


18th century, funeral customs, cemeteries, graves, diseases

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K. Grodziska-Ożóg, Cmentarz rakowicki w Krakowie, Kraków-Wrocław 1983, s. 37.

M. Kerrington, Historia śmierci. Zwyczaje i rytuały pogrzebowe od starożytności do czasów współczesnych, tłum. S. Klimkiewicz, Warszawa 2009, s. 164.

J. Dziobek-Romański, Cmentarze – zarys regulacji historycznych, prawnych i kanonicznych, „Rocznik historyczno-archiwalny”, t. XIII: 1999, s. 10 n.

A. Bardecka, Cmentarze, [w:] Historia kultury materialnej Polski. Tom IV: od połowy XVII do końca XVIII wieku, pod red. Z. Kamieńskiej, B. Baranowskiego, Wrocław-Warszawa-Kraków-Gdańsk 1978, s. 324.

J. S. Bystroń, Dzieje obyczajów w dawnej Polsce. Wiek XVI-XVIII, Warszawa 1976, t. II, s. 98.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.999874


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