Emotional intelligence in male and female sport climbers

Milena Marczak, Michał Ginszt


Background: Emotions are a fundamental aspect of the sport activity manifesting itself in mental and physiological processes. In sport training, they act as motivational, informative and communicative factors. The ability to recognize emotional states, understand them, and express themselves in sport activity is an aspect of emotional intelligence that contributes to success in sport performance.

Aim: The aim of presented study is to compare the emotional intelligence traits in male and female sport climbers.

Material and methods: We examined 60 sport climbers (30 men, 30 women) aged 23±1 years. The average time of climbing training was 6 years. The study used the Popular Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire (PKIE). PKIE consists of 94 items of self-assessment. The questionnaire allows to calculate results on four-factor scale and the overall score.

Results: The results showed there were significant differences between the two groups on the scale of emotions control, understanding and realizing own's emotions and in general indicator of emotional intelligence. In the indicated scales, men achieved higher average results. There were no significant differences in accepting, expressing and using emotions on both action and empathy scales.

Conclusions: Male sport climbers used the recognition and understanding of emotional states to solve problems for success in climbing and characterize their higher level of overall emotional intelligence in a better way. Sport climbers of both sexes had average levels of acceptance of emotion and empathy. This means that climbers of both sexes were characterized by low levels of other emotional experiences and the use of emotional experiences in prospective activities.


Emotional intelligence; emotions; sport climbing

Full Text:



Marczak M, Ginszt M. Five-factor model personality traits in sport climbers. Journal of Education, Health and Sport, 2017;7(9): 178-183.

Ginszt M, Berger M, Gawda P, Marczak M, Ginszt A, Majcher P. Electric activity of lumbar muscles in sport climbers. Journal of Education, Health and Sport, 2017; 7(5): 107-114.

Matczak A. Rola inteligencji emocjonalnej. Studia Psychologiczne, 2007; 45: 9-17.

Laborde S, Dosseville F, Allen MS. Emotional intelligence in sport and exercise: A systematic review. Scand J Med Sci Sports, 2016; 26(8): 862-874.

Laborde S, You M, Dosseville F, Salinas A. Culture, individual differences, and situation: Influence on coping in French and Chinese table tennis players. European Journal of Sport Science, 2012; 12(3): 255-261.

Izard C, Fine S, Schultz D, Mostow A, Ackerman B, Youngstrom E. Emotion knowledge as a predictor of social behavior and academic competence in children at risk. Psychological Science, 2001; 12(1):18-23.

Grigorenko EL, Klinteberg B. Personality, Intelligence, and Somatic and Mental Health Disturbances in a Time of Societal Change. Journal of Russian & East European Psychology, 2010; 48(5): 5-35.

McLaughlin C. Emotional well-being and its relationship to schools and classrooms: a critical reflection. British Journal of Guidance & Counselling, 2008; 36(4): 353-366.

Laborde S, Dosseville F, Guillénc F, Chávezd E. Validity of the trait emotional intelligence questionnaire in sports and its links with performance satisfaction. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 2014; 15(5): 481-490.

Nicholls AR., Polman RC, Levy AR. A path analysis of stress appraisals, emotions, coping, and performance satisfaction among athletes. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 2012; 13, 263-270.

Jaworska A, Matczak A. Popularny Kwestionariusz Inteligencji Emocjonalnej: PKIE : podręcznik, Wyd. Pracownia Testów Psychologicznych Polskiego Towarzystwa Psychologicznego. Warszawa, 2005.

Salovey P, Mayer JD. Emotional intelligence. Imagination, Cognition and Personality, 1990; 9:185-211.

Mayer JD, Salovey P, Caruso DR. Emotional Intelligence: Theory, Findings, and Implications. Psychological Inquiry, 2004; 15(3): 197-215.

Laborde S, Guillénc F, Watson M. Trait emotional intelligence questionnaire full-form and short-form versions: Links with sport participation frequency and duration and type of sport practiced. Personality and Individual Differences, 2017; 108: 5-9.

Diener C, Kuehner C, Brusniak W, Struve M, Flor H. Effects of stressor controllability on psychophysiological, cognitive and behavioural responses in patients with major depression and dysthymia. Psychological Medicine, 2009; 39, 77-86.

Guillen F, Laborde S. Higher-order structure of mental toughness and the anal- ysis of latent mean differences between athletes from 34 disciplines and non-ath- letes. Personality and Individual Differences, 2014; 60: 30–35.

Audiffren M, André N. The strength model of self-control revisited: Linking acute and chronic effects of exercise on executive functions. Journal of Sport and Health Science, 2015; 4, 30–46.

Mount MK, Barrick MR, Scullen SM, Rounds J. Higher-order dimensions of the Big Five personality traits and the Big Six vocational interest types. Personnel Psychology, 2005; 58: 447-478.

Kajbafnezhad H, Ahadi H, Heidarie AR, Askari P, Enayati M. Difference between team and individual sports with respect to psychological skills, overall emotional intelligence and athletic success motivation in Shiraz city athletes. Journal of Physical Education & Sport, 2011; 11, 249-254.

Campo M, Mellalieu S, Ferrand C, Martinent G, Rosnet E. Emotions in Team Contact Sports: A Systematic Review. Human Kinetics Journals, 2012; 26(1): 62-97.

Fenton-O’Creevy M, Lins J. Emotion regulation and trader expertise: heart rate variability on the trading floor. Journal of Neuroscience, Psychology and Economics, 2012; 5, 227-237.

Mikolajczak M, Luminet O. Trait emotional intelligence and the cognitive appraisal of stressful events: an exploratory study. Personality and Individual Differences, 2008; 44, 1445-1453.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.999462


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 © The Author (s) 2017

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Journal of Education, Health and Sport formerly Journal of Health Sciences

Declaration on the original version.

Editors indicates that the main version of the magazine is to issue a "electronic".

The journal has had 5 points in Ministry of Science and Higher Education parametric evaluation. § 8. 2) and § 12. 1. 2) 22.02.2019.

1223 Journal of Education, Health and Sport eISSN 2391-8306 7

ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

Archives 2011 - 2014

PBN 2011 - 2014


POL-index 2011 - 2014


BASE 2011 - 2014




Indexed in Bases, Bazy indeksacyjne: ERIH Plus, Worldcat, PBN/POL-Index, ICI Journals Master List, Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), ZBD, Ulrich's periodicals, Google Scholar, Polska Bibliografia Lekarska

US NLM = 101679844

101679844 - NLM Catalog Result - NCBI


Find a library that holds this journal: http://worldcat.org/issn/23918306

Journal Language(s): English 

PBN Poland






Redaction, Publisher and Editorial Office

Instytut Kultury Fizycznej Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy, Institute of Physical Education Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, Poland 85-091 Bydgoszcz ul. Sportowa 2  www.ukw.edu.pl Copyright by Instytut Kultury Fizycznej UKW w Bydgoszczy http://ojs.ukw.edu.pl/index.php/johs  Open Access ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

The journal has been approved for inclusion in ERIH PLUS.

The ERIH PLUS listing of the journal is available at https://dbh.nsd.uib.no/publiseringskanaler/erihplus/periodical/info?id=485984

SIC Science citation index (calculated on the basis of TCI and Page Rank) 0

Russian Impact factor 0.16

Indexed in Index Copernicus Journals Master List.


ICV 2018 = 95.95 ICV 2017 = 91.30 ICV 2016 = 84.69 ICV 2015 = 93.34 ICV 2014 = 89.51 Standardized Value: 8.27 ICV 2013: 7.32 ICV 2012: 6.41 ICV 20115.48

The InfoBase Index IBI Factor for the year 2015 is 3.56 in InfoBase Index.com.

Website: www.infobaseindex.com

Universal Impact Factor 1.78 for year 2012. (http://www.uifactor.org/AppliedJournals.aspx)

Indexed in Polish Scholarly Bibliography (PBN) (PBN Polska Bibliografia Naukowa) (https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/journals/36616)

is a portal of the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, collecting information on publications of Polish scientists and on Polish and foreign scholarly journals. Polish Scholarly Bibliograhpy is a part of POL-on - System of Information on Higher Education. It is operated by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw.

Indexed in Russian Sciences Index Российский индекс научного цитирования (РИНЦ) http://elibrary.ru/contents.asp?titleid=37467

Indexed in Arianta Polish scientific and professional electronic journals Aneta Drabek i Arkadiusz Pulikowski