Epidemiology of road traffic accidents in adults. A systematic review

Krzysztof Goniewicz, Mariusz Goniewicz, Witold Pawłowski, Dorota Lasota


Road accidents are a serious problem of the modern world. They are one of the main causes of injuries and are the third most numerous cause of death. Every year, about one million people, adults and children, die on the roads and several millions are injured. Mortality rate due to injuries from road accidents amounts to 2,2% of all deaths in the world.

The research presents a mechanism of traffic accidents, pathophysiology of injury, partition of car accidents and characterized the insults of victims in various types of automobile accidents.

Injuries resulting from road accidents have numerous substantial consequences as they are related with releasing large amounts of kinetic energy which must be absorbed. Kinetic energy absorbing is the basic mechanism of injury arising during road accidents.

In apprising an automobile accident should take into consideration the type of the car accident and the extent of damage to the vehicle People participating in road accidents of high energy are especially endangered with substantial injuries. There is a close relationship between the rate of vehicle damages and seriousness of casualties' injuries.


road traffic accidents (RTA); injuries; road safety.

Full Text:



Brongel L.: Złota godzina czas życia, czas śmierci. Krakowskie Wydawnictwo Medyczne, Kraków 2007.

Paradowska, Monika. "Comparison of Road Safety Policy Objectives in Poland and in the European Union." Transport Development Challenges in the Twenty-First Century. Springer International Publishing, 2016. 103-123.

Staniewska, Ewa, and Beata Nonas. "Wypadki drogowe i ich skutki w aspekcie bezpieczeństwa na polskich drogach." Gospodarka Materiałowa i Logistyka (2015).

World Health Organization. Violence, Injury Prevention, and World Health Organization. Global status report on road safety 2013: supporting a decade of action. World Health Organization, 2013.

Polish National Police. http://www.policja.pl [17.11.2016].

Caban, Jacek, et al. "Przyczyny powstawania wypadków drogowych w Polsce." Logistyka 5, CD 1 (2015): 703-710.

Lasota, Dorota, et al. "Nietrzeźwość a ryzyko zgonu w wypadku komunikacyjnym= Insobriety and the risk of death in traffic accident." Journal of Education, Health and Sport 5.6 (2015).

Figlus, Tomasz, Andrzej Wilk, and Adam Gawron. "Analiza stanu bezpieczeństwa ruchu drogowego dla obszaru miasta." Logistyka 3 (2014): 1698-1706.

Sobolewski, Marek. "Wskaźnik ciężkości wypadków drogowych w porównaniach międzynarodowych." Logistyka 3, CD 1 (2015): 4506-4511.

Wilson, Scott. "Rozwój infrastruktury a bezpieczeństwo na drogach w Polsce." Logistyka (2014): 3666.

Wycena kosztów wypadków i kolizji drogowych na sieci dróg w Polsce na koniec roku 2013 (Estimation of costs of road accidents and collisions in Poland at the end of 2013). Instytut Badawczy Dróg i Mostów na zlecenie Krajowej Rady Bezpieczeństwa Drogowego, Ministerstwo Infrastruktury i Rozwoju, Warszawa (2014)

Matyjewski, Marek. "Analiza i ocena technicznych sposobów zmniejszania skutków wypadków drogowych." Prace Naukowe Politechniki Warszawskiej. Mechanika 225 (2009): 3-144.

Goniewicz, Mariusz, et al. "Pattern of road traffic injuries in Lublin County, Poland." Central European journal of public health 20.2 (2012): 116.

Goniewicz, M., and K. Goniewicz. "Wypadki drogowe w Polsce-czynniki sprawcze i zapobieganie." Bezpieczeństwo Pracy: nauka i praktyka (2010): 14-17.

Singh, Ranjana, et al. "Pattern, severity and circumtances of injuries sustained in road traffic accidents: a tertiary care hospital-based study." Indian journal of community medicine 39.1 (2014): 30.

Brand, S., et al. "Blunt aortic injuries caused by high velocity traffic accidents. Open repair versus TEVAR in multiple injured patients. Observations from a level-1 trauma centre." Berichte der Bundesanstalt fuer Strassenwesen. Unterreihe Fahrzeugtechnik 102 (2015).

Rubin, Guy, et al. "Upper extremity fractures among hospitalized road traffic accident adults." The American journal of emergency medicine 33.2 (2015): 250-253.

Rangel, Thais, José Manuel Vassallo, and Israel Herraiz. "The influence of economic incentives linked to road safety indicators on accidents: The case of toll concessions in spain." Accident Analysis & Prevention 59 (2013): 529-536.

Peng, Yong, et al. "A study of pedestrian and bicyclist exposure to head injury in passenger car collisions based on accident data and simulations." Safety science 50.9 (2012): 1749-1759.

Peng, Yong, et al. "A study of adult pedestrian head impact conditions and injury risks in passenger car collisions based on real-world accident data." Traffic injury prevention 14.6 (2013): 639-646.

af Wåhlberg, Anders E., Lisa Dorn, and T. Kline. "The effect of social desirability on self reported and recorded road traffic accidents." Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour 13.2 (2010): 106-114.

Sánchez-Mangas, Rocío, et al. "The probability of death in road traffic accidents. How important is a quick medical response?." Accident Analysis & Prevention 42.4 (2010): 1048-1056.

Castillo-Manzano, José I., Mercedes Castro-Nuño, and Xavier Fageda. "Can health public expenditure reduce the tragic consequences of road traffic accidents? The EU-27 experience." The European Journal of Health Economics 15.6 (2014): 645-652.

Kepaptsoglou, Konstantinos, Matthew G. Karlaftis, and George Mintsis. "Model for planning emergency response services in road safety." Journal of Urban Planning and Development 138.1 (2011): 18-25.

Moeinaddini, Mehdi, et al. "Analyzing the relationships between the number of deaths in road accidents and the work travel mode choice at the city level." Safety science 72 (2015): 249-254.

Castillo-Manzano, José I., Mercedes Castro-Nuno, and Xavier Fageda. "Could being in the European Union save lives? An econometric analysis of the Common Road Safety Policy for the EU-27." Journal of European Public Policy 21.2 (2014): 211-229.

Goniewicz, K., et al. "Road accident rates: strategies and programmes for improving road traffic safety." European journal of trauma and emergency surgery (2015): 1-6.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.823475


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 © The Author (s)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Journal of Education, Health and Sport formerly Journal of Health Sciences

Declaration on the original version.

Editors indicates that the main version of the magazine is to issue a "electronic".

The journal has had 5 points in Ministry of Science and Higher Education parametric evaluation. § 8. 2) and § 12. 1. 2) 22.02.2019.

1223 Journal of Education, Health and Sport eISSN 2391-8306 7

ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

Archives 2011 - 2014

PBN 2011 - 2014


POL-index 2011 - 2014


BASE 2011 - 2014




Indexed in Bases, Bazy indeksacyjne: ERIH Plus, Worldcat, PBN/POL-Index, ICI Journals Master List, Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), ZBD, Ulrich's periodicals, Google Scholar, Polska Bibliografia Lekarska

US NLM = 101679844

101679844 - NLM Catalog Result - NCBI


Find a library that holds this journal: http://worldcat.org/issn/23918306

Journal Language(s): English 

PBN Poland






Redaction, Publisher and Editorial Office

Instytut Kultury Fizycznej Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy, Institute of Physical Education Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, Poland 85-091 Bydgoszcz ul. Sportowa 2  www.ukw.edu.pl Copyright by Instytut Kultury Fizycznej UKW w Bydgoszczy http://ojs.ukw.edu.pl/index.php/johs  Open Access ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

The journal has been approved for inclusion in ERIH PLUS.

The ERIH PLUS listing of the journal is available at https://dbh.nsd.uib.no/publiseringskanaler/erihplus/periodical/info?id=485984

SIC Science citation index (calculated on the basis of TCI and Page Rank) 0

Russian Impact factor 0.16

Indexed in Index Copernicus Journals Master List.


ICV 2018 = 95.95 ICV 2017 = 91.30 ICV 2016 = 84.69 ICV 2015 = 93.34 ICV 2014 = 89.51 Standardized Value: 8.27 ICV 2013: 7.32 ICV 2012: 6.41 ICV 20115.48

The InfoBase Index IBI Factor for the year 2015 is 3.56 in InfoBase Index.com.

Website: www.infobaseindex.com

Universal Impact Factor 1.78 for year 2012. (http://www.uifactor.org/AppliedJournals.aspx)

Indexed in Polish Scholarly Bibliography (PBN) (PBN Polska Bibliografia Naukowa) (https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/journals/36616)

is a portal of the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, collecting information on publications of Polish scientists and on Polish and foreign scholarly journals. Polish Scholarly Bibliograhpy is a part of POL-on - System of Information on Higher Education. It is operated by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw.

Indexed in Russian Sciences Index Российский индекс научного цитирования (РИНЦ) http://elibrary.ru/contents.asp?titleid=37467

Indexed in Arianta Polish scientific and professional electronic journals Aneta Drabek i Arkadiusz Pulikowski