Assessment of physical activity among pregnant women in context of weight gain in pregnancy

Martyna Mączka, Anna Sass, Anna Wojtyla



Repeatedly during and with the follow up pregnancy, there is a noticeable phenomenon of decreasing tolerance of physical activity. This condition is caused by the restriction or total abandonment of physical activity. Reducing or insufficient exercising physical activity in connection with an inappropriate diet leads to excessive body weight gain and a number of complications.


The main object of the study is to evaluate the physical activity among pregnant women. Furthermore is to differentiate the somatic features of pregnant women due to their physical activity.


In study observation take a part the 353 pregnant women, the participants of natal school, in 26 weeks of gestation (hbd). All primagravidas were in physiological pregnancy. Physical activity was assessed by using a pedometer (Yamax SW700), device was fixed on the spina iliaca anterior superior, prior personalization of data (based on the length of the step, body weight and height). Women were aware of using pedometers, the data was daily recorded for 7 days. In addition, 156 women participated in stimulated physical activity (Pilates gymnastic) of their own free will.


The walking as a form of physical activity has positively affects on the weight gain of pregnant women. Daily recommended physical activity such walking, differentiates body weight gain during pregnancy. In contrast, stimulated physical activity by Pilates gymnastics do not show differences in body weight gain during pregnancy.

Optimal physical activity from walking is associated with lower body weight gains compared to stimulated physical activity of Pilates, which is not associated with weight gain. The more a women walk, the less weight gain they have.


overweight in pregnancy, physical activity during pregnancy, pedometer

Full Text:

PDF (Polski)


Szumilewicz A, Wojtyła A, Zarębska A i wsp. Influence of prenatal physical activity on the course of labour and delivery according to the new Polish standard for prenatal care. Ann Agric Environ Med 2013; 20(2): 380-389.

Renault K, Nørgaard K, Secher NJ et al. Physical activity during pregnancy in obese and normal-weight women as assessed by pedometer. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2010; 89(7):956-61.

Hegaard HK, Damm P, Hedegaard M et al. Sports and Leisure Time Physical Activity During Pregnancy in Nulliparous Women. Matern Child Health J 2011; 15: 806-813.

Susan J, DE JERSEY, Lynda J et. al. Weight gain and nutritional intake in obese pregnant women: Some clues for intervention. J Hum Nutr Diet 2011; 68: 53–59.

Kiel DW, Dodson Ea, Artal R et al. Gestational weight gain and pregnancy outcomes in obese women: how much is enough? Obstet Gynecol 2007; 110: 752-758.

American College of Sports Medicine. ACSM’s guidelines for exercise testing and prescriptions. 6th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins, 2000.

ACOG Comittee Opinion number 267, 2002. Ecercise during pregnancy and the postpartum period. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, ObstetGynecol 2002; 99: 171-173.

Brooks GA, Butte NF, Rand WM et al. Chronicle of the Institute of Medicine physical activity recommendation: how a physical activity recommendation came to be among dietary recommendations. Am J Clin Nutr 2004; 79: 921-930.

Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Exercise in pregnancy. RCOG Statement No.4. January 2006, 1-7.

Bell R, Tennant P, McParlin C et. al. Measuring physical activity in pregnancy: comparison of accelerometry and self-completion questionnaires in overweight and obese women. Eur J Obstet Gyn R B 2013; 170: 90-95.

Cheryce LH, Thompson RG, Teede HJ et. al. Measuring physical activity during pregnancy Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 2011; 8(19): 1-8.

Tudor-Locke C, Bassett DR. How many steps/day are enough? Preliminary pedometer indices for public health. Sports Med 2004; 34(1): 1-8.

Physical Activity Guidelines for Australian Adults. au/internet/abhi/publishing.nsf/Content/Physical+activity+guidelines-lp

Kozłowska J. Komentarz do artykułu ,,Ćwiczenia fizyczne u kobiet w ciąży”. Aktualne stanowisko Royal College of Obstetrician and Gynaecologists. Med Prakt Ginekol Położ 2007, 5, 13-18.

Hui A. Back L. Ludwig S. Gardiner P. Sevenhuysen G. Dean H. Sellers E. McGavock J. Morris M. Bruce S. Murray R. Shen G. X. Lifestyle intervention on diet and exercise reduced excessive gestational weight gain in pregnant women under a randomised controlled trial. BJOG 2012, 119, 70-77.

Nascimento S. L. Surita F. G. Parpinelli M. A, Siani S. Pinto e Silva J. L. The effect of an antenatal physical exercise programme on maternal/perinatal outcomes and quality of life in overweight and obese pregnant women: a randomized clinical trial. BJOG 2011, 118, 1455-1463.

Haakstad L. A. Bø K. Effect of regular exercise on prevention of excessive weight gain in pregnancy: a randomised controlled trial. Eur J Contracept Reprod Healthcare 2011, 16, 116-125.

Phelan S. Phipps M. G. Abrams B. Darroch F. Schaffner A. Wing R. R. Randomized trial of a behavioral intervention to prevent excessive gestational weight gain: the Fit for Delivery Study. Am J Clin Nutr 2011, 93, 772-779.

Brodziński W. Wydatek energetyczny rodzących w porodach fizjologicznych. Gin Pol 2008, 4, 401-407.

Jurewicz J. Hanke W. Makowiec-Dąbrowska T. Kalinka J. Wpływ ciężkości pracy kobiet ciężarnych mierzony za pomocą wydatku energetycznego na masę urodzeniową noworodków. Gin Pol 2006, 7, 537-542.

Banaszak-Żak B. Dobrzyń D. Czynniki warunkujące zdrowie kobiety ciężarnej. Ann UMCS 2004, 59 (14), 5660.

Ainsworth B. Haskell W. Whitt M. Irwin M. L. Swartz A. M. Strath S. J. Compendium of physical activities: an update of activity codes and MET intensities. Med Sci Sport Exer 2000, 32, 498-516.

Liu J. Blair S. N. Teng Y. Ness A. Lawlor D. Riddoch C. Physical activity during pregnancy in a prospective cohort of British women: results from the Avon longitudinal study of parents and children. Eur J Epidemiol 2011, 26, 237-247.

Zhang J. Savitz D. A. Exercise during pregnancy among US women. Ann Epidemiol 1996, 6 (1), 53-59.

Walsh J. M. McGowan C. Byrne J. McAuliffe F. M. Prevalence of physical activity among healthy pregnant women in Ireland. Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2011, 114, 154-155.

Borodulin K. M. Evenson K. R. Wen F. Herring A. H. Benson A. M. Physical activity patterns during pregnancy. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2008, 40, 190-1908.

Curyło M. Forczek W. Forczek B. Subiektywne metody oceny aktywności fizycznej kobiet w ciąży. Med rehabil 2014, 18 (3), 25-30.

International Physical Activity Questionnaire.

Rzewnicki R. Vanden Auweele Y. De Bourdeaudhuij I. Addressing overreporting on the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) telephone survey with a population sample. Public Health Nutr 2003, (3), 299-305.

Horns P. N. Ratcliffe L. P. Leggett J. C. Swanson M. S. Pregnancy Outcomes Among Active and Sedentary Primiparous Women. JOGNN 1996, 25, 49-54.

Rousham E. K. Clarke P. E. Gross H. Significant changes in physical activity among pregnant women in the UK as assessed by accelerom- etry and self-reported activity. Eur J Clin Nutr 2006, 60, 393-400.

Kasawara K. T, Nascimento S. L, Costa M. L. Surita F. G. Silva J. L. P. Exercise and physical activity & in the prevention of preeclampsia: systematic review. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2012, 9, 1147-1157.

Teixeria P. C. Poudevigne M. Mastsudo S. M. M. Matsudo V. K. R. Physical activity patterns and daily steps in Brazilian pregnant women’s sample, Med Sport 2011, 15, 2, 44-50.

Downs D. S. Lemasurier G.C. Dinallo J. M. Baby steps: pedometer-determined and self-reported leisure-time exercise behaviors of pregnant women, J Phys Act Health 2009, 6 (1), 63-72.

Brantsaeter A. L. Owe K. M. Haugen M. Alexander J. Meltzer H. M. Longnecker M. P. Validation of self-reported recreational exercise in pregnant women in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study. Scand J Med Sci Sports 2009, 1-8.

Ćwiek D. Szczęsna M. Malinowski W. Fryc D. Daszkiewicz A. Augustyniuk K. Analiza aktywności fizycznej podejmowanej przez kobiety w czasie ciąży. Perinatol Neonatal Ginekol 2012, 5(1), 51-54.

Wójtowicz K. Krekora M. Krekora K. Wpływ aktywnosci fizycznej ciężarnych na przebieg porodu. Kwart Ortop 2011, 2, 188-196.

Rodriguez J. Pilates dla każdego. Bellona, Warszawa 2009

Kanadys W. M. Leszczyńska-Gorzelak B. Mierzyński R.Oleszczuk L. Kliniczne aspekty otyłości w ciąży. Klin Perinatol Ginekol Poznań 2002, 36, 145-151.

Hyżyk A. Sokalska N. Ocena zmian masy ciała u kobiet w ciąży. Now Lek 2011, 80 (3), 174-177.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Martyna Mączka

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Journal of Education, Health and Sport formerly Journal of Health Sciences

Declaration on the original version.

Editors indicates that the main version of the magazine is to issue a "electronic".

The journal has had 5 points in Ministry of Science and Higher Education parametric evaluation. § 8. 2) and § 12. 1. 2) 22.02.2019.

1223 Journal of Education, Health and Sport eISSN 2391-8306 7

ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

Archives 2011 - 2014

PBN 2011 - 2014

POL-index 2011 - 2014

BASE 2011 - 2014

Indexed in Bases, Bazy indeksacyjne: ERIH Plus, Worldcat, PBN/POL-Index, ICI Journals Master List, Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), ZBD, Ulrich's periodicals, Google Scholar, Polska Bibliografia Lekarska

US NLM = 101679844

101679844 - NLM Catalog Result - NCBI

Find a library that holds this journal:

Journal Language(s): English 

PBN Poland



Redaction, Publisher and Editorial Office

Instytut Kultury Fizycznej Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy, Institute of Physical Education Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, Poland 85-091 Bydgoszcz ul. Sportowa 2 Copyright by Instytut Kultury Fizycznej UKW w Bydgoszczy  Open Access ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

The journal has been approved for inclusion in ERIH PLUS.

The ERIH PLUS listing of the journal is available at

SIC Science citation index (calculated on the basis of TCI and Page Rank) 0

Russian Impact factor 0.16

Indexed in Index Copernicus Journals Master List.,p24782242,3.html

ICV 2018 = 95.95 ICV 2017 = 91.30 ICV 2016 = 84.69 ICV 2015 = 93.34 ICV 2014 = 89.51 Standardized Value: 8.27 ICV 2013: 7.32 ICV 2012: 6.41 ICV 20115.48

The InfoBase Index IBI Factor for the year 2015 is 3.56 in InfoBase


Universal Impact Factor 1.78 for year 2012. (

Indexed in Polish Scholarly Bibliography (PBN) (PBN Polska Bibliografia Naukowa) (

is a portal of the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, collecting information on publications of Polish scientists and on Polish and foreign scholarly journals. Polish Scholarly Bibliograhpy is a part of POL-on - System of Information on Higher Education. It is operated by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw.

Indexed in Russian Sciences Index Российский индекс научного цитирования (РИНЦ)

Indexed in Arianta Polish scientific and professional electronic journals Aneta Drabek i Arkadiusz Pulikowski