Popularity of body modifications and knowledge about their complications among young adults

Joanna Pekar, Justyna Magdalena Skolarczyk, Dawid Dominik Łabądź, Katarzyna Honorata Chrobok, Barbara Nieradko-Iwanicka

Abstract


Background and objectives. Body modifications are practices leading to transient or permanent change of  various parts of human body. The most popular forms of body modifications are: tattooing and piercing. The aim of the study is to determine the frequency of the most popular body modifications (tattoos and piercing) among young adults aged 18-32 years and to collect and analyze the opinion about body modifications and to determine their knowledge about the complications possible after these procedures.

Material and methods. The study was conducted in February 2017 among 251 individuals: 146 females (58.17%) and 105 males (41.83%). An original questionnaire was used. It consisted of questions about body modifications. Researchers recorded body modifications the respondents have had. Participation in the study was voluntary and anonymous. Participants were randomly selected. Results were analyzed with STATISTICA 12.5 and ANOVA program; p<0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results. 23 examined individuals (10 men and 13 women) had tattoos (9.16%). The mean number of tattoos was 1.6 ±0.6 in women and 2±1.1 in men. 128 individuals had ear piercing (51%), including 6 males and 122 females. 13 people (5.18%) had piercing in places other than ears. Piercing is significantly more common than tattooing. 109 individuals (43.43%) did not have tattoos or body piercing. 106 respondents (42.23%) liked tattoos, ear piercing 168 (66.93%), piercing of other parts of the body 41 (16.33%), and other body modifications 8 (3.19%). 221 (88.05%) individuals claimed that they knew the complications of body modifications.

Conclusion. Body modifications are popular among young adults, especially among females. The most positively the respondents assessed earrings and tattoos, which correlates with their occurrence in this group of people. Vast majority of respondents declared that they knew possible complications of body modifications.


Keywords


tattooing; piercing; young adults

Full Text:

PDF

References


Oanţă A, Irimie M. Tinea on a Tattoo. Acta Dermatovenerol Croat. 2016; 24 (3): 223-224.

Holbrook J, Minocha J, Laumann A . Body piercing: complications and prevention of health risks. Am J Clin Dermatol. 2012; 13(1): 1-17.

Ayanlowo OO, Gold-Olufadi SA, Akinkugbe AO, Otrofanowei E, Nga CN, Olumide YM. Growing trend of tattooing and its complications in Nigeria. Int J Dermatol. 2017. doi: 10.1111/ijd.13521.

Randall JA, Sheffield D. Just a personal thing? A qualitative account of health behaviours and values associated with body piercing. Perspect Public Health. 2013;133:110–5.

Bone A, Ncube F, Nichols T, Noah ND. Body piercing in England: A survey of piercing at sites other than earlobe. BMJ 2008; 336:1426-8.

Carroll ST, Riffenburgh RH, Roberts TA, Myhre EB. Tattoos and body piercings as indicators of adolescent risk-taking behaviors. Pediatrics 2002; 109: 1021-7.

Greif J, Hewitt W, Armstrong ML. Tattooing and body piercing. Body art practices among college students. Clin Nurs Res1999; 8: 368-85.

Balci S, Sari E, Mutlu B. Comparison of risk-taking behaviour and frequency of piercing and tattooing among university students. J Pak Med Assoc. 2015; 65(6): 587-92.

Mayers LB, Chiffriller SH. Body art (body piercing and tattooing) among undergraduate university students: "Then and Now". J Adolesc Health 2008; 42: 201-3.

Wohlrab S, Stahl J, Kappeler PM. Modifying the body: motivations for getting tattooed and pierced. Body Image. 2007; 4(1):87-95.

Szewczyk Kazimierz. Body piercing as a form of escape into the body. Fam. Med. Prim. Care Rev. 2005; 7(2): 110-115.

Kluger N. Cutaneous infections related to permanent tattooing. Med Mal Infect. 2011; 41(3): 115-122.

Alimohamadi Y, Tabatabaee H, AfsarKazerooni P, Vahedi S, Enaami M, Teimourizad A. Epidemiologic characteristics of HIV-positive patients referring to behavioral diseases consultation center in Shiraz, Iran. Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2014; 28: 147.

Guiard-Schmid JB, Picard H, Slama L, Maslo C, Amiel C, Pialoux G, et al. Piercing and its infectious complications. A public health issue in France. Presse Med. 2000 ; 29 (35): 1948-1956.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.569252

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2017 © The Author (s)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Journal of Education, Health and Sport formerly Journal of Health Sciences

Declaration on the original version.

Editors indicates that the main version of the magazine is to issue a "electronic".

The journal has had 5 points in Ministry of Science and Higher Education parametric evaluation. § 8. 2) and § 12. 1. 2) 22.02.2019.

1223 Journal of Education, Health and Sport eISSN 2391-8306 7

ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

Archives 2011 - 2014

PBN 2011 - 2014

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/sedno-webapp/search?search&searchCategory=WORK&filter.inJournal=36616

POL-index 2011 - 2014

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/polindex-webapp/browse/journal/journal-32a319c5-a850-4f44-ba70-1418a6087655

BASE 2011 - 2014

https://www.base-search.net/Search/Results?lookfor=Journal+of+Health+Sciences+%28Radom%29&type=all&oaboost=1&ling=1&name=&thes=&refid=dcrespl&newsearch=1

http://elibrary.ru/contents.asp?titleid=37467

http://journal.rsw.edu.pl/index.php/JHS/issue/archive

Indexed in Bases, Bazy indeksacyjne: ERIH Plus, Worldcat, PBN/POL-Index, ICI Journals Master List, Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), ZBD, Ulrich's periodicals, Google Scholar, Polska Bibliografia Lekarska

US NLM = 101679844

101679844 - NLM Catalog Result - NCBI

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nlmcatalog/101679844

Find a library that holds this journal: http://worldcat.org/issn/23918306

Journal Language(s): English 

PBN Poland

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/sedno-webapp/journals/49068

POL-index

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/polindex-webapp/browse/journal/journal-c39c8169-88d2-45db-9e7f-d948ce9981c4

BASE

https://www.base-search.net/Search/Results?join=AND&bool0[]=AND&lookfor0[]=2391-8306&type0[]=all&page=11&l=pl&oaboost=1&refid=dcpagepl

Redaction, Publisher and Editorial Office

Instytut Kultury Fizycznej Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy, Institute of Physical Education Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, Poland 85-091 Bydgoszcz ul. Sportowa 2  www.ukw.edu.pl Copyright by Instytut Kultury Fizycznej UKW w Bydgoszczy http://ojs.ukw.edu.pl/index.php/johs  Open Access ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

The journal has been approved for inclusion in ERIH PLUS.

The ERIH PLUS listing of the journal is available at https://dbh.nsd.uib.no/publiseringskanaler/erihplus/periodical/info?id=485984

SIC Science citation index (calculated on the basis of TCI and Page Rank) 0

Russian Impact factor 0.16

Indexed in Index Copernicus Journals Master List.

http://journals.indexcopernicus.com/Journal+of+Education+Health+and+Sport,p24782242,3.html

ICV 2018 = 95.95 ICV 2017 = 91.30 ICV 2016 = 84.69 ICV 2015 = 93.34 ICV 2014 = 89.51 Standardized Value: 8.27 ICV 2013: 7.32 ICV 2012: 6.41 ICV 20115.48

The InfoBase Index IBI Factor for the year 2015 is 3.56 in InfoBase Index.com.

Website: www.infobaseindex.com

Universal Impact Factor 1.78 for year 2012. (http://www.uifactor.org/AppliedJournals.aspx)

Indexed in Polish Scholarly Bibliography (PBN) (PBN Polska Bibliografia Naukowa) (https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/journals/36616)

is a portal of the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, collecting information on publications of Polish scientists and on Polish and foreign scholarly journals. Polish Scholarly Bibliograhpy is a part of POL-on - System of Information on Higher Education. It is operated by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw.

Indexed in Russian Sciences Index Российский индекс научного цитирования (РИНЦ) http://elibrary.ru/contents.asp?titleid=37467

Indexed in Arianta Polish scientific and professional electronic journals Aneta Drabek i Arkadiusz Pulikowski

(http://www1.bg.us.edu.pl/bazy/czasopisma/czasop_full.asp?id=3595)