The knowledge of allergies and self-assessment of the ability to use treatment methods among allergy clinic patients

Olga Adamczyk-Gruszka, Grażyna Czerwiak, Jakub Gruszka, Agnieszka Czerwiak, Karolina Komar

Abstract


Adamczyk-Gruszka Olga, Czerwiak Grażyna, Gruszka Jakub, Czerwiak Agnieszka, Komar Karolina. The knowledge of allergies and self-assessment of the ability to use treatment methods among allergy clinic patients. Journal of Education, Health and Sport. 2016;6(6):86-94. eISSN 2391-8306. DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.54711

http://ojs.ukw.edu.pl/index.php/johs/article/view/3538

 

The journal has had 7 points in Ministry of Science and Higher Education parametric evaluation. Part B item 755 (23.12.2015).

755 Journal of Education, Health and Sport eISSN 2391-8306 7

© The Author (s) 2016;

This article is published with open access at Licensee Open Journal Systems of Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, Poland

Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium,

provided the original author(s) and source are credited. This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial License

(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non commercial

use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interests regarding the publication of this paper.

Received: 05.05.2016. Revised 25.05.2016. Accepted: 25.05.2016.

 

The knowledge of allergies and self-assessment of the ability to use treatment methods among allergy clinic patients

 

Olga Adamczyk-Gruszka1, Grażyna Czerwiak2, Jakub Gruszka3, Agnieszka Czerwiak4, Karolina Komar5

 

 

1Olga Adamczyk–Gruszka PhD: Departament of Obstetrics Gynecology and Obstetric-Gynecological Nursing Faculty of Health Sciences, Jan Kochanowski University, Kielce, Poland Head of the Departament: Prof. Mariusz Bidziński DD, PhD

1dr n. med. Adamczyk–Gruszka Olga Zakład Położnictwa, Ginekologii i Pielęgniarstwa Położniczo-Ginekologicznego Wydział Nauk o Zdrowiu Uniwersytetu Jana Kochanowskiego, Kielce, Polska

 

2dr n. med. Grażyna Czerwiak: Zakład Umiejętności Pielęgniarskich i Organizacji Pracy, Instytut Pielęgniarstwa i Położnictwa Wydział Nauk o Zdrowiu Uniwersytetu Jana Kochanowskiego w Kielcach gczerwiak@o2.pl

2Grażyna Czerwiak Ph.D.: Department of Nursing Skills and Labour Organization, Institute of Nursing and Midwifery, Faculty of Health Sciences The Jan Kochanowski University, Kielce, Poland Head of the Departament: Prof. Bogdan Chazan DD. Ph.D.

 

3student Jakub Gruszka: II Wydział Lekarski, Warszawski Uniwersytet Medyczny

Dziekan II Wydziału Lekarskiego: Prof. dr hab. n. med. Marek Kuch

3student Jakub Gruszka: II Faculty of Medicine, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland

Head of the Departament: Prof. Marek Kuch MD, PhD

 

4 magAgnieszka Czerwiak, absolwent Wydziału Nauk o Zdrowiu Uniwersytetu Jana Kochanowskiego w Kielcach

4Agnieszka Czerwiak MA in the nursing–graduate of the Faculty of Health Sciences The Jan Kochanowski University in Kielce, mobile: 502-02-48-48

 

5student Karolina Komar: II Wydział Lekarski, Warszawski Uniwersytet Medyczny

Dziekan II Wydziału Lekarskiego: Prof. dr hab. n. med. Marek Kuch

5student Karolina Komar: II Faculty of Medicine, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland Head of the Departament: Prof. Marek Kuch MD, PhD

 

The knowledge of allergies and self-assessment of the ability to use treatment methods among allergy clinic patients

 

Summary

Allergies belong to major public health problems. Their incidence is growing. Epidemiological indicators of these diseases are associated with changes in the environment, climate as well as with urbanization and industrial development.

The health education can contribute to enhancement of motivation of a patient burdened with allergy. A lack of treatment effectiveness should encourage to further health education.

The purpose of the research was the assessment of patients’ knowledge of allergies’ risk factors including their skills to use inhalers.

Material and method

The research was carried out from September to November 2015 among 118 adult patients of allergy clinics in the city of Kielce. The applied method was of a diagnostic survey with the use of questionnaire form. The material was analysed. The significance of differences was verified with χ2 test.

Results

The majority of respondents notices a protective effect of pregnant woman’s diet, breastfeeding and resignation from early modification of babies’feeding. There has been confirmed a weak correlation between the knowledge of allergies and age, sex, place of residence and the average depending on the level of education. Most respondents assessed skills connected with the use of inhalers as poor, the others as good.

Conclusions

There was a worrying problem connected with the use of inhalers observed among the respondents. Inhaled drugs occupy a special place in the treatment of allergies. For this reason educational activities should be implemented.

 

Key words: allergies, health education, inhaled drugs.


Keywords


allergies, health education, inhaled drugs.

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