Peculiarities of bodily injuries’ forensic diagnosing, which received driver and passengers in car accidents

P. V. Plevinskis

Abstract


Plevinskis P. V. Peculiarities of bodily injuries’ forensic diagnosing, which received driver and passengers in car accidents. Journal of Education, Health and Sport. 2016;6(3):173-180. eISSN 2391-8306. DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.48311

http://ojs.ukw.edu.pl/index.php/johs/article/view/3435

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/works/722371

 

The journal has had 7 points in Ministry of Science and Higher Education parametric evaluation. Part B item 755 (23.12.2015).

755 Journal of Education, Health and Sport eISSN 2391-8306 7

© The Author (s) 2016;

This article is published with open access at Licensee Open Journal Systems of Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, Poland

Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium,

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This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non commercial

use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interests regarding the publication of this paper.

Received: 05.03.2016. Revised 20.03.2016. Accepted: 23.03.2016.

 

 

UDC 616 – 001.4/.6 – 036.88 – 079.6

 

Peculiarities of bodily injuries’ forensic diagnosing, which received driver and passengers in car accidents

 

P. V. Plevinskis

 

Odessa National Medical University, Odessa, Ukraine

 

Annotation. Determination of the injured person’s place inside the car at the moment of accident is one of the most complex tasks during the forensic-medical examination. Applied today methodic takes to consideration predominantly the head-on collision of the cars or of the car with solid object and does not take other types of car accidents, accompanied with vehicle rollover and contact with rear part of the car. As a result, it determines the injuries, caused by steering wheel and other spare parts of car’s interior from driver’s side, as specific ones for car accidents. Analysis has shown that any complex forensic-medical and transport-trasological examination with aim to determine who occupied the driver’s and passenger’s seats at the moment of accident should contain several stages. At first it is necessary to determine the directions of shock-inertial displacement of the injured persons’ bodies inside the car at the collision moment. The second stage determines the traumatic details of car interior (taking to consideration displacement of the bodies inside the car at the moment of accident). The character of bodily injuries, their localization and mechanism of development are detected on the third stage. The final stage shows which of the bodily injuries have formed after the contact with appropriate details of car interior. Consequently, it is necessary to consider the car’s interior geometry change, what reflects on the free space for the driver or passenger of the car. Results of the research proved, that modern protective means of a car considerably change the morphology of passenger’s and driver’s bodily injuries from one hand, and from another – they could cause much more considerable injuries and even death. Angle of the car contact with another car or with the barrier is a significant parameter, which plays an important role in determination of persons’ interposition inside the vehicle at the moment of accident.

 

Key words: bodily injuries, car accident, shock-inertial displacement, algorithm of forensic-medical examination.


Keywords


bodily injuries, car accident, shock-inertial displacement, algorithm of forensic-medical examination.

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References


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